Achaeus (2), of Eretria, Athenian tragic poet
Jonathan S. Burgess
Achilles is the grandson of Aeacus of Aigina and son of Peleus and the Nerei.d Thetis. He rules the Myrmidons of Phthia in southern Thessaly and is generally considered the best (aristos) of the Greeks in the Trojan War. In Homer’s Iliad he is said to have led fifty ships to Troy (2.681–685). The Iliad’s plot turns on his withdrawal from battle in anger at the Greek commander Agamemnon and his return to take vengeance on Hector for killing his close friend Patroclus. Many episodes in the life of Achilles, including his early life and death at Troy, were popular in Greek and Roman literature and iconography. Summaries of mythological events found in the life of Achilles can be found in the Epitome of Apollodorus and the Fabulae of Hyginus (1st century
Achilles Tatius (1), Greek novelist
Achilles Tatius (2), probably 3rd cent. CE
Achilles Tatius (2) (probably 3rd cent.
Acusilaus, of Argos, lived ‘before the *Persian Wars’ (Joseph. Ap. 1–13) and compiled *genealogies, translating and correcting *Hesiod, with ingenious conjectures but no literary merit.
Adrianus, of Tyre, c. 113–193 CE
M. B. Trapp
Adrianus (Hadrianus) of Tyre (c. CE 113–93), sophist, pupil of *Herodes Atticus; held the chairs of rhetoric at Athens and Rome. One short *declamation attributed to him survives. See
(Aelia) Eudocia, c. 400–460 CE
Steven D. Smith
Aelian (Claudius Aelianus, 161/77–230/8 CE), an influential writer of miscellaneous works in Rome during the reign of the Severan emperors, helped shape the literary landscape of the so-called Second Sophistic. There are two sources for his life, one a contemporary notice by Philostratus in his Lives of the Sophists, and the other a brief entry in the 10th-centurySuda lexicon. According to the former, Aelian ‘was a Roman, but he spoke and wrote Attic Greek’ (VS 624). A student of the sophist Pausanias of Caesarea and an admirer of Herodes Atticus, Aelian himself declined to declaim in public and instead committed himself to writing and composition. He died without any children, and he claimed never to have travelled outside of Italy. The Suda supplies additional information: Aelian was born in Praeneste (modern Palestrina) near Rome and he was a high priest (ἀρχιερεύς), though the Byzantine source is silent about what god Aelian served.
Aelianus, 1st–2nd cent. CE
M. B. Trapp
Aelianus (1st–2nd cent.
Aeneas (Aineias) Tacticus, probably the Stymphalian general of the Arcadian koinon (see
Aeschines (1), c. 390–c. 322 BCE
Aeschines (2) Socraticus
Aeschylus, Athenian tragic dramatist
Alan H. Sommerstein
J. S. Rusten
Agathocles (2), of Cyzicus, grammarian, c. 275/265–200/190 BCE
Agathocles (2) of Cyzicus, grammarian, c. 275/65 –200/190
Stephen Instone and Antony Spawforth
(1) The term agōn (ἀγών) and its derivatives can denote the informal and extempore competitive struggles and rivalries that permeated Greek life in the general fight for success and survival (cf. Hes. Op. 11–26), especially philosophical, legal, and public debates; action between opposing sides in war; medical disputes. Competitive behaviour in this last area is illustrated by the Hippocratic work (see
Alcaeus (1), lyric poet
Kenneth Dover and Christopher Pelling
Is called by the Suda a comedian of the Old Comedy (see
Alcaeus (3), of Messene, fl. 200 BCE
Alan Douglas Edward Cameron and Christopher Pelling
Alcaeus (3) of Messen (fl. 200