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alcoholism, Roman  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Romans were as interested in the harmful effects of excessive drinking and chronic intoxication as their Greek counterparts. In On the Nature of Things, *Lucretius writes that wine's fury ... More

Alfius  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Wrote Libri rerum excellentium, a gallery of famous deeds in Roman history, in iambic dimeters. He seems to have lived in the first half of the 3rd cent. ce.

allegory, Latin  

Jonathan Tate and Philip Hardie

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
An awareness of the Greek traditions of allegory (see allegory, greek) entered Rome with the Hellenization of Roman culture; *Ennius and *Varro adopted Greek methods with the Roman gods, and the ... More

Ambivius Turpio, Lucius, actor and theatre-director  

Peter G. M. Brown

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Produced plays by *Caecilius Statius and (the *didascaliae record) all of *Terence's.

amoebean verse  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amoebean verse, a stylistic form found mainly in bucolic poetry (adapted in Catull. 62, Hor. Carm. 3. 9), consists of matching groups of verse assigned alternately to two characters ... More

Ampelius, Lucius  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ampelius, Lucius, dedicated his 50-chapter Liber memorialis to a Macrinus still sometimes identified with the emperor M. *Opellius Macrinus, but language and intellectual level are those ... More

anagnōstēs  

John Wight Duff and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anagnōstēs, a reader, often an educated slave, whose duty in Roman houses was to entertain his master and guests at table by a recitation in Greek and Latin. *Cicero (Att. 1. 12. 4) mentions his ... More

analogia, De  

Alessandro Garcea

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Julius Caesar’s composition of two books entitled De Analogia in the spring of 55 or 54bce must be seen as a contribution to the contemporary debate about the role of language at the end of the ... More

Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius, Stoic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetorician whose pupils included *Lucan and *Persius (who honoured him in Sat. 5, and whose Satires he reportedly revised after the ... More

Annaeus Lucanus, Marcus, the poet Lucan, 39–65 CE  

William Blair Anderson and Philip Hardie

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Annaeus Lucanus, Marcus, the poet Lucan (39–65 ce), was born at Corduba (mod. Córdoba), 3 November 39 ce. His father, M. *Annaeus Mela, was a Roman knight and brother of L. *Annaeus Seneca (2). Mela ... More

Annaeus Seneca, Lucius (1), Seneca 'the Elder', Roman author on declamation, c. 50 BCE–c. 40 CE  

Christian James Fordyce and M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Annaeus, Lucius, writer on *declamation, was born of equestrian family at *Corduba (mod. Córdoba) in Spain about 50 bce. Of his life we know little; he was certainly in Rome both as a young man and ... More

Annaeus Seneca, Lucius (2), Seneca 'the Younger', Roman author and adviser of Nero, 49–65 CE  

Leighton Durham Reynolds, M. T. Griffin, and Elaine Fantham

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Annaeus Seneca (2), Lucius, was born at *Corduba (mod. Córdoba) in southern Spain between 4 bce and ce 1. He was born into a wealthy equestrian family of Italian stock, being the second son of the ... More

annals and annalists  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Latin word annales (‘yearbooks’, ‘annals’) became the standard term for historical records in a general sense, and was frequently used by historians as a title for their works, probably in ... More

Annianus  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Annianus, a poet of Hadrian's time and friend of Aulus *Gellius, owned a Faliscan farm (Gell. NA 20. 8) and composed verse on country themes, probably entitled (carmina) Falisca, and ... More

Anser  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anser, a salacious erotic poet (Ov. Tr. 2. 435); nothing remains of his works. He probably profiteered from Antony's (see antonius (2), m.) exactions (Cic. Orationes Phil. 13. 11), and ... More

Anthologia Latina  

M. D. Reeve

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anthologia Latina, a modern invention gradually created in print and not intrinsically distinct from Poetae Latini minores or the *Appendix Vergiliana, gathers poems mostly short that have no better ... More

anthologies, Latin  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Modern usage distinguishes the anthology, consisting of self-contained or detached texts from a specific corpus with little or no intervention by the compiler, from the miscellany, in which an author ... More

Anticato  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anticato, or (probably less correctly) Anticatones, *Caesar's two-book contribution to the propaganda exchanges following the death of M. *Porcius Cato (2) in 46 bce. Laudations came first ... More

Antonius Gnipho, Marcus  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antonius Gnipho, Marcus, a teacher of grammar and rhetoric (Suet. Gram. 7). After tutoring the young *Caesar, he set up school in his own house, where *Cicero heard him lecture on rhetoric in 66 bce. ... More

Aper, Marcus  

George Clement Whittick and M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aper, Marcus, an advocate (see advocacy) of Gallic origin who rose to the praetorship in the middle of the 1st cent. ce and visited Britain. He is known only from *Tacitus (1)'s Dialogus, ... More

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