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scholarship, ancient, Latin  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The origins of scholarship at Rome are lost to view, along with much of Rome's earliest scholarly writing. Suetonius' attempt (Gramm. 2) to trace Rome's first experience of Hellenistic scholarship to ... More

scholia  

M. D. Reeve

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Scholia—from the Greek σχόλιον, first attested when *Cicero quotes it back at T. *Pomponius Atticus (Att. 16. 7. 3)—are notes on a text, anything from a continuous commentary to one-word jottings; ... More

Scribonius Aphrodisius  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Scribonius Aphrodisius, freedman of Augustus' second wife, *Scribonia, and formerly slave of Horace's teacher *Orbilius Pupillus, wrote on Latin orthography, attacking the work and ... More

the self in Latin literature  

Thomas Habinek

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Although the Latin language has no single term equivalent to the English expression “the self,” Latin literature has been understood by scholars to rely upon and engage with various ... More

Sempronius Asellio, Roman historian and military tribune  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Roman historian and military tribune at *Numantia in 134–3 bce. He wrote a history (res gestae) of his own time. In the proem he distinguished his work from annals: he would not just list ... More

sententia  

William Smith Watt and M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sententia, whose basic meaning is ‘way of thinking’, came to have specialized senses, such as an opinion expressed in the senate, the judgement of a judge, and the spirit (as opposed to the letter) ... More

Sentius Augurinus  

John Wight Duff, Geoffrey Bernard Abbott Fletcher, and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sentius Augurinus, a young friend praised by *Pliny (2) (Ep. 4. 27; 9. 8) for writing ‘Poems in Little’ (poematia) marked by charm and tenderness, but sometimes by satire. Pliny quotes eight ... More

Septimius, Publius  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Publius Septimius, a republican writer on architecture mentioned by Vitruvius (7. praef. 14).

Septimius Serenus  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Septimius Serenus seems to have flourished in the mid-third cent. ce. He wrote at least two books of Opuscula Ruralia in a wide variety of often recherché metres, some introduced by himself; the ... More

Serenus Sammonicus  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Serenus Sammonicus, prolific scholar who wrote an antiquarian work, Res reconditae (at least 5 books), addressed to *Septimius Severus and (probably) to *Caracalla, on whose orders he was ... More

'Sergius'  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
‘Sergius’, name under which are transmitted the Explanationes in Donatum (GL 4. 486–565, cf. Anecdota Helvetica143–58, and U. Schindel, Die lateinischen Figurenlehren [1975]) and several other minor ... More

sermo  

John Wight Duff and M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Sermo has a variety of meanings in Latin. They include (1) conversation and its relaxed style (contrasted with oratory and its energetic style, contentio); ... More

Serranus  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Serranus, an epic poet who, like *Saleius Bassus (with whom he is linked by Quint. 10. 1. 89–90 and Juv. 7. 80), died prematurely.

Servasius, Sulpicius Lupercus, Junior  

J. H. D. Scourfield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sulpicius Lupercus Servasius Junior (his name is uncertain: ‘Serbastus’, MS Leiden Voss. Lat. F 111; ‘Sebastus’, Schryver, Baehrens; ‘Servastus’, Wernsdorf; ‘Servasius’, Riese; ?‘Sebastius’, Smolak), ... More

Servius, grammarian and commentator, 4th cent. CE  

James Frederick Mountford, Peta G. Fowler, and Don P. Fowler

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Servius (called Marius or Maurus Servius Honoratus in manuscripts from the 9th cent. onwards), author of a celebrated commentary on *Virgil, based on an earlier work (now lost) of Aelius *Donatus ... More

Severus, Sulpicius  

Arnaldo Momigliano and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Latin historian who was born in Aquitania c. ce360. A member of a prominent family, he studied law in Bordeaux and became a convert to Christianity c.389 together with his friend *Paulinus of Nola. ... More

Sevius Nicanor, Marcus, late 2nd–early 1st cent. BCE  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Marcus Sevius Nicanor (late 2nd–early 1st cent. bce), a *freedman and the first Roman grammarian to win fame by teaching, wrote *commentarii (said to be largely plagiarized) and a satura ... More

Sextilius Ena  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Sextilius Ena, a Spaniard from Corduba reported by L. *Annaeus Seneca (1) (Suas. 6. 27) as reciting a poem on the *proscriptions of 43 bce in the house of M. *Valerius Messalla Corvinus. ... More

sexuality, textual representation of  

Marilyn B. Skinner

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The basic dominance-submission model of sexual relations, involving a hierarchical distinction between the active and passive roles, was the same in Greek and Roman cultures and remained ... More

silence  

R. B. Rutherford

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Narrators, dramatists, and orators know that there are times when silence is far more effective than the most powerful speech. Only a brief selection can be attempted. The chief motives for silence ... More

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