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Stabiae  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Stabiae, with *Pompeii and *Nuceria an important pre-Roman settlement of the Sarno plain in south *Campania, destroyed by Sulla in the *Social War (3). The fashionable resort which ... More

Stagira  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Stagira or Stagirus, town in *Chalcidice and the birthplace of *Aristotle; but the modern inland town of Stagira, with its statue of him, is not the ancient site, which is just off the road at ... More

Stobi  

John Wilkes

Stobi, a strategically located settlement of Paeonia (see macedonia) at the confluence of the Axius (Vardar) and Erigon (Crna Reka), was a Macedonian stronghold by the 2nd cent. bce and in the Roman ... More

Strabo, of Amaseia  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Strabo, of Amaseia (*Pontus), author of a Geographia in 17 books, by far the most important source for ancient *geography, a priceless document of the Augustan age, and a compendium of important ... More

Stymphalus  

James Roy

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Stymphalus, *polis of NE *Arcadia, situated in a long, narrow, enclosed upland basin. The basin, with no outward surface drainage, floods and produces a lake of varying size, famous in ... More

Subura  

Ian Archibald Richmond and John Patterson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subura, the valley between the *Viminal and *Esquiline hills of Rome, was connected to the *forum Romanum by way of the Argiletum and Forum Transitorium (see forum nervae). The district ... More

Suessa Aurunca  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Suessa Aurunca (modern Sessa), in central Italy, a Latin colony (see colonization, roman), founded 313 bce in the *Liris valley. There is no trace of significant pre-Roman occupation. The ... More

Suessula  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Suessula (mod. Cancello), a Campanian city (see campania), mid-way between *Capua and *Nola, and a member of the Capuan league. It received civitas sine suffragio (see citizenship, roman) in 338 bce, ... More

Sufetula  

R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sufetula (mod. Sbeitla), a town of the High Plateaux in central Tunisia, stands at a major cross-roads, especially of the *Theveste–Thenae and Thelepte–*Hadrumetum highways. A Flavian *municipium ... More

Sulmo  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sulmo mod. Sulmona, in Italy, a town of the *Paeligni in the Abruzzi. It resisted *Hannibal (211 bce), and supported *Caesar (49 bce), but is famed chiefly as Ovid's birthplace (43 bce). It was a ... More

Sunium  

Charles William John Eliot and Robin Osborne

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sunium, the name of the southernmost part of *Attica including the bold promontory with its temples to *Poseidon and *Athena and its fort. There are Early Helladic finds from the promontory, but the ... More

Surrentum  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Surrentum (mod. Sorrento), in Italy, possibly a Greek colony (see colonization, greek) but dominated by *Etruscans in the 5th cent. bce and under *Oscan rule, as part of the Nucerian League, from ... More

Sutrium  

John Bryan Ward-Perkins and D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sutrium (mod. Sutri), in Italy, a small but strategically important *Etruscan town, 45 km. (28 miles) north-west of Rome and 10 km. (6 miles) west of *Nepete. Founded perhaps as late as ... More

Sybaris  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sybaris (mod. Sibari, in S. Italy, an Achaean/Troezenian colony (founded c.720 bce) near the mouth of the river Crati. See achaea; colonization, greek; troezen. It expanded rapidly, ... More

Symplegades  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Symplegades, the ‘Clashing Rocks’ which, according to legend, guarded the entrance at the *Bosporus (1) to the Black Sea (see euxine); they are also regularly called ‘Dark (Kyaneai) Rocks’ (first at ... More

Synnada  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Synnada (mod. Şuhut), was an assize centre (see conventus(2)) in the province of Asia (see asia, roman province) and one of the most important cities of *Phrygia. In the 160s bce it played ... More

Syracuse  

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Syracuse (ΣυράκουσαιMod. Siracusa), on the east coast of *Sicily, was founded by the Corinthians (see Corinth; colonization, greek), led by Archias, c.734 bce. The original foundation lay on the ... More

Syrtes  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Syrtes, the notoriously dangerous shoals and shallows (the tidal range is greater than normal in the Mediterranean) of the Libyan continental shelf of north Africa from Cyrenaica (see pentapolis) ... More

Taenarum  

Arthur Maurice Woodward, William George Forrest, and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The central peninsula of the south *Peloponnesus (mod. Mani) and its terminal cape, near which stood an oracle of the dead based on a temple of *Poseidon fronting the sacred cave through ... More

Tanagra  

John Buckler

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tanagra, in *Boeotia, city dominating the eastern part of the Asopus plain, Homer's Graia by the sea. *Herodotus(1) (5. 55–61) states that the earliest inhabitants were the Gephyraioi, who entered ... More

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