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Tenos  

R. W. V. Catling

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tenos, a large island (195 sq. km.) in the northern *Cyclades. A Mycenaean tholos-tomb (see mycenaean civilization) is the only noteworthy relic from prehistory. Settled by *Ioniansc. 950 bce, it had ... More

Teos  

George Ewart Bean and Simon Hornblower

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Teos (Τέως), one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League (see ionians; panionium), on the coast north of *Ephesus. Tradition said that it was founded first by *Minyans from *Orchomenus(1), then by ... More

Tergeste  

Howard Hayes Scullard and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tergeste (mod. Trieste), in north Italy, probably in origin a settlement of the *Veneti (2), was a Roman colony (see colonization, roman), whose foundation date is disputed. *Augustus provided the ... More

Teutoburgiensis, saltus  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Teutoburgiensis, saltus, the district where, in 9 ce, the army of P. *Quinctilius Varus was destroyed on the march from summer to winter quarters. Its location was until very recently the ... More

Thamugadi  

William Nassau Weech and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Dec 2015
Thamugadi (modern Timgad, Algeria), a settlement in *Numidia 32 km. (20 mi.) east of *Lambaesis, is one of the few almost totally excavated towns in the Roman empire. Founded in 100ce by *Trajan as ... More

Thasos  

Eugene N. Borza

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thasos, a large wooded island of the north *Aegean, colonized from *Paros (see colonization, greek) in the early 7th cent. bce. It was rich in *timber and precious metals. Thasos sent colonists to ... More

Theophanes of Hermopolis, Journey  

Richard J. A. Talbert

Published Online:
Dec 2016
Theophanes, an early 4th centuryce lawyer (scholasticus) at Hermopolis Magna in Egypt, is known to us from an “archive” of Greek papyri (Fig. 1). It was unearthed at an unknown location, purchased ... More

Thera  

R. W. V. Catling

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thera (mod. Santorini, 76 km.2), the southernmost of the *Cyclades. It and Therasia are the remnants of a volcanic island destroyed in a cataclysmic eruption c.1650–1500 bce, burying the prehistoric ... More

Thermopylae  

Andrew Robert Burn and Antony Spawforth

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thermopylae, or just the ‘Gates’ (Πύλαι), strategic pass between Mt. Callidromus and the Euripus channel carrying what is usually considered to have been the main land-route in antiquity from north ... More

Thespiae  

John Buckler and Antony Spawforth

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thespiae, city in south-central *Boeotia, commanding a small region of rich river valleys overlooked by low hills, with access to the Corinthian Gulf at Creusis. The few surviving remains include a ... More

Thessaliotis  

Bruno Helly

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thessaliotis, one of the four tetrades (districts) of *Thessaly, organized by Aleuas the Red in the 6th cent. bce (see aleuadae), and located in the southern half of the west Thessalian ... More

Thessalonica  

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thessalonica, a city of *Macedonia, founded by *Cassander, who synoecized the small towns at the head of the Thermaic Gulf (see synoecism); perhaps on the site of Therme (Strabo 7 fr. 24). It was ... More

Thessaly  

Bruno Helly

Published Online:
Dec 2015
Thessaly, region of northern Greece, divided into the four tetrades (districts) of *Thessaliotis, *Hestiaeotis, *Pelasgiotis, and *Phthiotis, along with the so-called perioecic regions (see ... More

Theveste  

Brian Herbert Warmington and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Theveste (mod. Tébessa), an old Berber town commanding the upper Ampsaga, at the east end of the High Plateaux in eastern Algeria, 38 km. (25 mi.) south-west of *Ammaedara. It is probably to be ... More

Thisbe  

John Buckler

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thisbe, city in SW *Boeotia, described in *Homer's Iliad (2. 502) as rich in doves. Situated at the eastern defile of Mt. *Helicon, it commanded a small plain near the Corinthian Gulf. Together with ... More

Thoricus  

John Ellis Jones

Thoricus, coastal *deme of SE *Attica, now a bare twin-peaked hill (Velatouri) north of modern Laurion. In legend, one of King *Cecrops' twelve Attic townships, home of the hunter king *Cephalus, and ... More

Thrace  

James Maxwell Ross Cormack and John Wilkes

Published Online:
Jul 2015
The boundaries of Thrace varied at different times; in the 5th cent. bce the kingdom of the Odrysae, the leading tribe of Thrace, extended over present-day Bulgaria, Turkish Thrace (east of the ... More

Thubursicum Numidarum  

William Nassau Weech, Brian Herbert Warmington, and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thubursicum Numidarum (near mod. Khamissa), a market town on a hilly site in eastern Algeria, on the road from *Hippo Regius to *Theveste. Lying in the rich Bagradas valley, it first became a ... More

Thugga  

Brian Herbert Warmington and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thugga (mod. Dougga), a hill-town of Africa Proconsularis west of the road from *Carthage to *Theveste. Already a settlement of considerable size in the 4th cent. bce, when *Agathocles of Syracuse ... More

Thule  

Eric Herbert Warmington and Martin Millett

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thule (Θούλη), a northern land first heard of and described by *Pytheas. It was said to lie six days' sail to the north of *Britain. At midsummer the sun's and the Bear's paths, as seen at Thule, ... More

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