You are looking at  821-840 of 907 articles  for:

  • Ancient Geography x
Clear All

View:

Thurii  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thurii (mod. Sibari), a Greek colony in S. Italy, founded in 444/3 bce on the site of *Sybaris. It was a panhellenic foundation (see panhellenism), but the main impetus was Athenian. *Herodotus(1) ... More

Thysdrus  

R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Thysdrus (mod. El Djem), a market-town in eastern Tunisia lying inland, midway between *Hadrumetum (mod. Sousse) and Tacapae (mod. Sfax). Its origins are obscure, but it was probably an indigenous ... More

Tiber  

Edward Togo Salmon

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Rises as a creek in the *Apennines near *Arretium, develops into central Italy's greatest river, meanders south to *Narnia (confluence with the Nar), then south-west past Rome (where it divides about ... More

Tiberias  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and Tessa Rajak

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tiberias, on the west side of Lake Galilee, was founded by *Herod (2) Antipas. Despite its Greek constitution, it was a primarily Jewish city. It was generally treated as capital of *Galilee until ... More

Tibur  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Occupies a commanding site controlling the route up the Aniene valley (see anio) east into the central *Apennines. Traditionally founded before Rome, it was certainly a major settlement by the end of ... More

Ticinum  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Ticinum, in northern Italy near the confluence of the Ticinus and *Padus (Po). *Hannibal defeated the Romans here (218 bce), but Ticinum itself is unrecorded until imperial times. In the late empire ... More

Tifata  

Edward Togo Salmon and Simon Hornblower

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tifata, mountain overlooking *Capua and *Campania. The name allegedly meant ‘oak-grove’ (Festus 503 Lindsay). The basilica of Sant'Angelo in Formis has occupied the site of its famous ... More

Tingis  

William Nassau Weech, Brian Herbert Warmington, and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tingis (mod. Tangier), a harbour town facing Gibraltar across the Straits, was a *Phoenician foundation, probably in the late 8th/early 7th cents. bce, when Phoenician goods are attested in rural ... More

Tipasa  

Brian Herbert Warmington and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tipasa, a Roman town in *Mauretania on the Algerian coast between Icosium (mod. Algiers) and *Caesarea(3). A Carthaginian settlement (see carthage), at least from the 6th cent. bce, it was ... More

Tiryns  

Joseph Maran

Published Online:
Jul 2015
The strongly fortified acropolis of Mycenaean Tiryns is situated about 1.5 kilometres from the present coast of the Bay of Nauplion (but only about five hundred metres in the Early Bronze Age and one ... More

Tolosa  

Courtenay Edward Stevens and John Frederick Drinkwater

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tolosa (mod. Toulouse), developed at an important pre-Roman road and river junction, and under *Augustus completely superseded other Hallstatt–La Tène sites (St-Roch, Butte de Cluzel, ... More

Tomis  

David C. Braund

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Literary sources describe Tomis as a colony of the Milesians (e.g. Ps.-Scymnus, 765–6; Ov.Tri. 1. 10, 3. 9; see miletus; colonization, greek), but give no date for its foundation, which ... More

Torone  

Simon Hornblower

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Torone, Greek city near the end of the middle prong (Sithonia) of *Chalcidice, on the south-western side, and one of the richest and most important cities of Chalcidice, at least until 432 bce and ... More

tourism  

Antony Spawforth

Well-known Greek tourists include *Solon, said (Hdt. 1. 30) to have visited Egypt and Lydia ‘for the sake of seeing’ (theōria), and *Herodotus (1) himself. Sea-borne *trade and sightseeing were ... More

Tralles  

William Moir Calder, John Manuel Cook, and Charlotte Roueché

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tralles, a city sometimes attributed to *Lydia, sometimes to *Caria, on a strong position on the north side of the richest section of the *Maeander valley; its wealth and commercial ... More

Transpadana  

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Transpadana, that part of Cisalpine Gaul (see gaul (cisalpine)) which lies beyond (from the Roman point of view) the river Po (see padus), as opposed to Cispadana, the area ‘this side’ of ... More

Trapezus  

Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton and Stephen Mitchell

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Trapezus, a colony of *Sinope (see colonization, greek), traditionally founded in 756 bce as a trading-post in the south-east corner of the Black (*Euxine) Sea with access to the mineral ... More

Trasimene, Lake, battle of  

John F. Lazenby

Published Online:
Mar 2016
An ambush on a huge scale, Trasimene was the second of Hannibal's victories. The consul, C. *Flaminius (1), with probably some 25,000 men, followed Hannibal, with perhaps some 60,000, into ... More

Trebia  

John F. Lazenby

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Trebia (now Trebbia), a river flowing north into the Po (see padus) near *Placentia (mod. Piacenza), and the scene of Hannibal's first victory in Italy (December 218 bce). By sending his ... More

Tripolitania  

Olwen Phillis Frances Brogan and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tripolitania, name given to an area of western *Libya containing the three cities of *Sabratha, *Oea, and *Lepcis (‘Tripolis’), and their hinterlands. Founded as *Phoenician or at least Punic emporia ... More

View: