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Troas  

Donald Ernest Wilson Wormell and Stephen Mitchell

Published Online:
Dec 2015
Troas, or Troad, the mountainous north-west corner of Asia Minor forming a geographical unit dominated by the Ida massif and washed on three sides by the sea. Its name derives from the belief that ... More

Tuder  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tuder (mod. Todi), in Umbria (see umbrians). An important pre-Roman settlement from at least the 6th cent. bce, Todi has produced a famous bronze statue (c. early 4th cent. bce) of *Mars ... More

Tunis  

Brian Herbert Warmington

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tunis (or Tunes), a Libyan town on the site of modern Tunis. It is frequently mentioned in connection with fighting in the vicinity of *Carthage in the campaigns of *Agathocles (1), M. ... More

Tusculum  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tusculum, a city near modern Frascati, 24 km. (15 mi.) south-east of Rome. Its extensive remains occupy a strong, bracing site 668 m. (2,198 ft.) above sea-level. Myths shroud its origin, but ... More

underworld  

Radcliffe G. Edmonds III

Depictions of the underworld, in ancient Greek and Roman textual and visual sources, differ significantly from source to source, but they all draw on a common pool of traditional mythic ... More

Urso  

John James van Nostrand, M. Isobel Henderson, and Simon J. Keay

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Urso (mod. Osuna), a native settlement in Spain some 96 km. (60 mi.) east of Seville (see hispalis). A centre of Pompeian resistance in 45 bce (see pompeius magnus (2), cn.; pompeius ... More

Uthina  

R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Uthina (mod. Oudna), a Roman city in the fertile plain of the Meliana valley, 32 km. (20 mi.) south-west of *Carthage. Originally an indigenous civitas governed by Punic magistrates called suffetes ... More

Utica  

William Nassau Weech, Brian Herbert Warmington, and R. J. A. Wilson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Utica, by tradition the oldest Phoenician settlement on the north African coast, in Tunisia, 33 km. (21 mi.) north-east of *Tunis. The traditional foundation date of 1101 bce (Plin.HN 16. 216; Vell. ... More

Uxellodunum  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Uxellodunum, an *oppidum of the Cadurci, in 51 bce the scene of the last Gallic resistance to *Caesar, who took it by diverting its spring. The precise location of the place remains a little ... More

Valentia  

Simon J. Keay

Published Online:
Dec 2015
On the south-east coast of Hispania Citerior (Hither *Spain), probably founded by D. *Iunius Brutus Callaicus (138 bce) for soldiers who had fought under him against *Viriatus. The inhabitants ... More

Vectis  

Martin Millett

Published Online:
Dec 2015
(also Victis or Ictis), the classical name of the Isle of Wight. The separate identification of Ictis with St Michael's Mount is not favoured, given the confusion surrounding its mention ... More

Veii  

John Bryan Ward-Perkins and D. W. R. Ridgway

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Veii (mod. Isola Farnese), 16 km. (10 mi.) north of Rome, was the most southerly of the great Etruscan cities. Habitation and burial are attested from the culturally proto-*Villanovan final bronze ... More

Velabrum  

Ian Archibald Richmond and John Patterson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Velabrum, according to *Varro (Ling. 5. 43), the landing-place of an ancient ferry connecting the Aventine with the Palatine in Rome; more generally, an area of low ground between the Capitol and ... More

Velia  

Ian Archibald Richmond and John Patterson

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Velia, a hill located between the *Palatine and Oppian hills of Rome, overlooking the *forum Romanum; traditionally King Tullus *Hostilius lived here, and P. *Valerius Poplicola (consul 509 bce). The ... More

Velitrae  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Volscian town (see volsci) on the southern rim of the Alban hills (see albanus mons) in *Latium. It frequently fought early Rome, until annexed by the latter (338 bce). It still spoke Volscian then, ... More

Venafrum  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Published Online:
Dec 2015
Venafrum (mod. Venafro), a Samnite (Pentrian; see samnium) city on the borders of *Latium and *Campania. It came under Roman control c.290 bce. In the *Social War (3), it was captured and the Roman ... More

Veneti (2), region at the head of the Adriatic  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Inhabited fertile country about the head of the Adriatic. Chief cities: *Ateste in prehistoric times, *Patavium in historic (see antenor (1)). They may be of Illyrian extraction (cf. Hdt. 1. 196), ... More

Venta Silurum  

Sheppard S. Frere and Martin Millett

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Venta Silurum, a town of Roman *Britain in South Wales (mod. Caerwent) the civitas-capital of the *Silures. A dedication to Ti. Claudius Paulinus, former commander of Legio II Augusta ... More

Venusia  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Venusia (mod. Venosa), in south Italy, a Peucetian city (see messapii) on the *via Appia, 82 km. (51 mi.) north of Potenza (see potentia). There was a pre-Roman settlement, but there is ... More

Verona  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Verona, a town of the *Veneti(2) on the river Adige, perhaps also occupied by the *Cenomani (Plin. HN 3. 130; Livy, 5. 35). Little is known of this period in its history, but the oldest ... More

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