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Gaiseric, king of the Vandals and Alans, 428–477 CE  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In 429 he transported his followers from Spain to North Africa, and by 439 had conquered *Carthage. In the 430s, 441–2, and the late 460s he survived major Roman attempts to overthrow him. His most ... More

Galerius  

J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Galerius (Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus; perhaps originally named Maximinus), of a peasant family of Dacian origin, was born in about 260 on the Danube at a place he later renamed Romuliana ... More

Gallus Caesar, Flavius Claudius Constantius  

E. D. Hunt

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Along with his half-brother *Julian, he survived the massacre of most of his kinsmen in 337ce, to be appointed Caesar in the east by *Constantius II in 351. Based at *Antioch (1), he ... More

Gelimer, last Vandal king of Africa, 530–534 CE  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Gelimer, the last *Vandalking of Africa (530–4 ce), was the great-grandson of *Gaiseric. He deposed his pro-Roman cousin Hilderic in 530, but in 533 an east Roman army led by *Belisarius landed in ... More

Gildas  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
British author of The Ruin and Conquest of Britain (De excidio et conquestu Britanniae), a moralizing work attacking the local leaders held responsible for *Britain's troubles following the Roman ... More

Gildo  

J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Gildo, son of King Nubel of *Mauretania, served as a Roman officer, and 386–98 ce held the extraordinary and very powerful command of comes et magister militum utriusque militiae per Africam (see ... More

Glaucus (6), author of Ἀραβικὴ Ἀρχαιολογία  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Glaucus (6) (origin unknown), author of a work on the antiquities of *Arabia (Ἀραβικὴ Ἀρχαιολογία), used by *Stephanus of Byzantium.

Goths  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Goths, a Germanic people, who, according to Jordanes' Getica, originated in Scandinavia. The Cernjachov culture of the later 3rd and 4th cents. ce beside the Black Sea, and the Polish and ... More

Gratian, Roman emperor  

Raymond Davis

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Gratian (Flavius Gratianus), son of *Valentinian I who made him Augustus when aged 8 (367 ce). Ruling the west from 375 he made his tutor *Ausonius praetorian prefect, and (379) appointed ... More

Helena Augusta  

E. D. Hunt

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Helena Augusta, mother of *Constantine I. Born of humble origins at Drepanum in Bithynia, she became c. ce 270 the first wife (or perhaps concubine) of the future emperor ... More

Heliodorus (4), Greek novelist, c. 4th century CE  

Benedek Kruchió

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Heliodorus was the author of the Aethiopica, the latest and longest Greek novel to survive from antiquity. In his work, Heliodorus claims to be a Phoenician from Emesa, but there are good ... More

Heruli  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A Germanic people, who participated in the 3rd-cent. ce invasions of Roman territory from the Black Sea region, particularly the expedition of 268–70 through the Dardanelles. Not attested again until ... More

hierodouloi  

David Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The term hierodoulos is variously used to describe slaves who are technically the property of a god and live on land owned by temples, slaves who are attached to the service of a god through a gift ... More

Historia Augusta  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Title given by I. Casaubon (1603) to a collection of biographies (see biography, roman) of Roman emperors, Caesars, and usurpers from ce 117 to 284 (*Hadrian to *Carinus and *Numerianus). The present ... More

Honoria, Justa Grata, sister to western emperor Valentinian III  

Meaghan McEvoy

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Justa Grata Honoria was the elder sister of the western Roman emperor Valentinian III (reigned 425–455 ce), and the first child of the Augusta Galla Placidia and her husband Flavius ... More

Honorius, Roman emperor, b. 384 CE  

Raymond Davis

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Honorius, b. 384 ce, younger son of *Theodosius (2) I, who made him Augustus (393). From 395 he ruled the west but was dominated by *Stilicho and then, after an interlude of civilian rule under ... More

Huns  

Edward Arthur Thompson and John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Huns, a Mongolian nomadic people who appeared in SE Europe c.370 ce, destroyed the Gothic communities (see goths) on the Black (*Euxine) Sea, and drove large numbers of refugees into the ... More

Ianuarius Nepotianus  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Author of a loose and imperfect epitome of *Valerius Maximus before the 6th cent. ce. Identification with the Severan procurator…Nepotianus (PIR 2 N 47) has been wrongly ... More

indictio  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Indictio under the Principate meant the compulsory purchase of food, clothing, and other goods for the army and the court. Owing to the inflation of the mid-3rd cent. ce the ... More

Iulius Valerius Alexander Polemius  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Iulius Valerius Alexander Polemius, author in the mid-4th cent. ce of an extant Latin version of the Greek Alexander Romance of *Pseudo-Callisthenes. Its style shows some colourful and ... More

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