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biography, Roman  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Roman biography did not wholly derive from its Greek equivalent: their own political and family customs led Romans to value the recording of the deeds of their great men. We hear of songs at banquets ... More

Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus, c. 480–c. 524 CE  

Samuel James Beeching Barnish

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Ostrogothic king *Theoderic (1) appointed this leading nobleman consul (510), and *magister officiorum (?522). He resisted official oppression, was implicated in a senatorial conspiracy, ... More

Boethius, Musical writings  

Andrew Barker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Boethius' Institutio musica, mainly paraphrased from Greek sources, deploys Pythagorean harmonics (see pythagoras), within the quadrivium, to promote understanding of music's extraordinary powers. ... More

books, Greek and Roman  

H. Maehler

Books existed in *Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and *Mesopotamia by c.3000 bce. While ... More

books, poetic  

Stephen Hinds

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The accelerated rise of the book-roll in the 4th and 3rd cents. bce has artistic consequences which are first strongly felt in the Alexandrian Library. The scholar-poets who classify and collect into ... More

brevis brevians  

H. D. Jocelyn and Jonathan G. F. Powell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Brevis brevians, ‘abbreviation (of a long syllable) through the agency of a (nearby) short (syllable)’; the Latin term used by Louis Havet (1880) to denote a phenomenon in some forms of early Latin ... More

Caecilius Epirota, Quintus  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Quintus Caecilius Epirota, a freedman of T. *Pomponius Atticus and friend of *Cornelius Gallus, taught grammar under *Augustus. After Gallus’ death (27 bce) he opened a select school for older pupils ... More

Caecilius Statius  

Peter G. M. Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Caecilius (RE 25) Statius, author of fabulae palliatae (fl. 179 bce, d. 168), according to Jerome, who says he was an Insubrian Gaul, perhaps from Milan. He was taken to Rome as a slave and ... More

Caecilius (2), poet and friend of Catullus  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Of Novum Comum, one of *Catullus' friends, composed a poem on Cybele (Catull. 35).

Caesellius Vindex, Lucius  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(early 2nd cent. ce), grammarian whose miscellany was criticized by contemporaries (e.g. Gell. NA 6. 2, 11. 15) and excerpted by later writers (extracts on orthography: Keil, Gramm. Lat. ... More

Caesius Bassus  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Caesius Bassus (1st cent. ce), a friend of *Persius Flaccus, who dedicated his sixth satire to him and whose poems he allegedly ‘edited’. *Quintilian (10. 1. 96) thought Bassus’ own lyric ... More

Calpurnius Flaccus  

M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Calpurnius Flaccus, of unknown date, author of *declamations from fifty-three of which extracts survive.

Calpurnius Piso  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A contemporary of the younger *Pliny (2) (Ep. 5. 17), wrote an elegiac poem, ‘Constellations’, with a Greek title (Οἱ Καταστερισμοί). Probably identical with the consul of ce 111C. ... More

Calpurnius Siculus  

Lindsay Watson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The author of seven pastorals, Calpurnius may be dated with reasonable security to the Neronian age. The crucial pieces of evidence are Eclogue 1. 75 ff., which seemingly allude to the comet that ... More

Caninius Rufus  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Caninius (RE 13) Rufus, a wealthy landowner and benefactor of *Comum, and friend of *Pliny (2) the Younger, who wrote to him mainly about their shared literary interests (Ep. 1. 3; 2. 8; 3. 7; 6. 21; ... More

Canius Rufus  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Canius Rufus, from Gades, a poet and friend of *Martial, who alludes to his versatility and merriment in epigram 3. 20 (cf. 1. 61. 9; 1. 69).

cantica  

Peter G. M. Brown

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The parts of a Latin drama with musical accompaniment, as contrasted with deverbia or diverbia (unaccompanied passages, in iambic senarii). Two types may be distinguished: (1) continuous ... More

captatio benevolentiae  

Donald Russell and Tobias Reinhardt

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
This phrase—‘fishing for good will’ (cf. *CiceroInv. rhet. 1. 22) —well describes what the ancient rhetoricians advise for the exordium of a speech (see rhetoric, roman). The hearer is to ... More

careers, poetic, Latin  

Joseph Farrell

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The idea that a writer’s works form the record of a clearly defined career is a familiar but relatively understudied aspect of ancient literary history. In Greek literature, relevant motifs appear ... More

carmen  

Peta G. Fowler and Don P. Fowler

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Carmen, from cano (?), “something chanted,” a formulaic or structured utterance, not necessarily in verse. In early Latin the word was used especially for religious utterances such as ... More

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