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Demetrius (19), 'the Cynic', philosopher, 1st cent. CE  

M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
The *Cynic lived in Rome under *Gaius (1), *Nero, and *Vespasian and was friendly with the Stoic philosopher L. *Annaeus Seneca (2). He was probably exiled to Greece under Nero (66 ce) but returned ... More

Demetrius (3), of Phaleron, Athenian Peripatetic philosopher and statesman, b. c. 350 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Demetrius (3) of *Phaleron (b. c. 350 bce), son of Phanostratus, Athenian *Peripatetic philosopher (pupil of *Theophrastus) and statesman, began his political life in 325/4 and was ... More

Democritus, of Abdera  

David John Furley and C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
In *Thrace, b. 460–57 bce (Apollod. in Diog. Laert. 9. 41), 40 years after *Anaxagoras according to his own statement quoted by *Diogenes (6). He travelled widely, according to various ... More

Demonax, of Cyprus, Cynic philosopher, 2nd cent. CE  

William David Ross and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Cynic philosopher, known mainly by the life of him ascribed to Lucian. He was from a wealthy family but renounced his inheritance; among his teachers was *Epictetus. Partly itinerant, with ... More

dialectic  

D. Sedley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Dialectic, διαλεκτική (sc. ἐπιστήμη or τέχνη): the science of conducting a philosophical dialogue (διαλέγεσθαι, ‘to converse’) by exploring the consequences of premises asserted or conceded by an ... More

diatribe  

J. L. Moles

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Modern term for works of Greek or Roman popular philosophy, generally implying the following: that they are direct transcriptions or literary developments of addresses given by *Cynic or Stoic (see ... More

Dicaearchus  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Dicaearchus of *Messana, Greek polymath and prolific writer, pupil of *Aristotle and contemporary of *Theophrastus and *Aristoxenus: fl. c.320–300 bce. He spent some of his life in the *Peloponnese. ... More

Diocles (5), of Magnesia, historian of philosophy  

D. Sedley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Diocles of *Magnesia (1 or *2), mid to late 1st cent. bce, historian of philosophy. Diocles' two attested works, the doxographical Survey of the Philosophers (Ἐπιδρομὴ τῶν φιλοσόφων) and the ... More

Dio Cocceianus  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Dio Cocceianus, later surnamed Chrysostom (c.40/50-110/120 ce), Greek orator, writer, local politician and moralist, pursued a double career, as member of the governing elite of his home ... More

Diodorus (2) Cronus, dialectician  

D. Sedley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Diodorus (2) Cronus, of *Iasus (died c. 284 bce), virtuoso dialectician and leading member of the Dialectical school (see Megarian school). His pupils included the logician *Philon (6), ... More

Diogenes (1), of Apollonia, Greek Presocratic philosopher  

Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Diogenes (1), of Apollonia (on the Black or *Euxine Sea), is generally reckoned the last of the Presocratic philosophers (cf. *Theophrastus, Phys. op. fr. 2) but evidently himself ‘paid no attention ... More

Diogenes (2), 'the Cynic', c. 412/403–c. 324/321 BCE  

J. L. Moles

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
The general distortions in the ancient traditions about Cynicism (‘doggishness’) multiply in the case of Diogenes. Ancient and modern reactions range from appreciation of his wit to admiration for ... More

Diogenes (3), of Babylon, Stoic philosopher, c. 240–152 BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Diogenes (3) of *Babylon (c. 240–152 bce), succeeded *Zeno (3) of Tarsus as head of the Stoa (see Stoicism). His visit to Rome in 156–155 stimulated interest in Stoicism. *Panaetius was his pupil. He ... More

Diogenes (4), of Tarsus, Epicurean  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Epicurean of uncertain date, but probably identical with the author of a book on ποιητικὰ ζητήματα or ‘poetical inquiries’ (who fl. c.150–100 bce): Strabo 14. 5. 15; Diog. Laert. 6. 81. ... More

Diogenes (5), of Oenoanda in Lycia, Greek Epicurean  

David Konstan

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Diogenes of *Oenoanda in Lycia (near mod. Incealiler in Turkey), author of a massive Greek inscription presenting basic doctrines of Epicureanism. The inscription was carved in a *stoa, ... More

Diogenes (6) Laertius  

Herbert Strainge Long and Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Diogenes (6) Laertius, also called Laërtius Diogenes, author of an extant compendium on the lives and doctrines of the ancient philosophers from *Thales to *Epicurus. Since he omits ... More

Diogenianus (1), Epicurean  

William David Ross

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
*Eusebius quotes many passages from his polemic against Chrysippus' doctrine of fate. His date is unknown, but he probably belongs to the 2nd cent. ce, when the polemic of the New *Academy ... More

Dionysius (8), of Heraclea (3) on Pontus, Greek Stoic philosopher, c. 328–248 BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Dionysius of *Heraclea (3) on the Pontus (c. 328–248 bce), pupil of *Zeno (2) and others, including *Heraclides (1) of Pontus. As a Stoic (see Stoicism) he wrote philosophical works, and also poetry. ... More

Diotima  

A. W. Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Actual or fictitious priestess of *Mantinea, (c.440 bce), from whom *Socrates pretends to have learnt his theory of love, defining its goal as generative in *Plato (1)'s Symposium. Other ... More

Diotogenes  

D. O'Meara

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
The nominal author (otherwise unknown) of a *Neopythagorean work On Piety and one On *Kingship which defines the qualities of the ideal king as imitator of God and embodiment of law. These ... More

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