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Augustine, St, Aurelius Augustinus, 354–430 CE  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
St Augustine (Aurelius Augustinus (354–430 ce), was born at Thagaste (mod. Souk Ahras, Algeria), son of Patricius, a modest town councillor of pagan beliefs, and a dominant Catholic ... More

Celsus, Roman author of The True Doctrine, late 2nd cent. CE  

William David Ross and David Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Author of a comprehensive philosophical polemic against *Christianity, The True Doctrine, written probably between 175 and 181 (Origen, C. Cels. 8. 69, 71). The work is primarily known through ... More

Philoponus, John  

Richard Sorabji

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
John Philoponus (c. 490ce to 570s), a Christian Neoplatonist (see neoplatonism) in *Alexandria (1), influenced subsequent science down to Galileo by replacing many of *Aristotle's theories with an ... More