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Achaeus (1)  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Achaeus (1), eponym of the Achaeans; in mythology, son of *Poseidon (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1. 17. 3), *Zeus (Serv. on Aen. 1. 242), *Xuthus (Apollod. 1. 50), or *Haemon (schol. Il. 2. ... More

Achaeus (2), of Eretria, Athenian tragic poet  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Achaeus (2) of Eretria, Athenian tragic poet, to be distinguished from Achaeus of Syracuse, who may be the Achaeus who won a *Lenaean victory c.356. According to the *Suda the Eretrian was born in ... More

Achaeus (3), d. 213 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Achaeus (3) (d. 213 BCE), viceroy for *Antiochus (3) III of Seleucid Asia Minor and his kinsman (maternal uncle), probably the grandson of the Seleucid official Achaeus the Elder. In 223/2 ... More

Achaia  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(correct spelling: J. Oliver, The Civic Tradition and Roman Athens (1983) 152 note 6), official name for the Roman province of *Greece, commemorating Rome's defeat of the *Achaean Confederacy in 146 ... More

Acharnae  

Charles William John Eliot and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acharnae, the largest Attic *deme. (The figure of 3,000 hoplites at Thuc. 2. 20. 4, cf. 21. 3, may be too high; 1,200 is likelier and a possible emendation; another is that πολῖται should ... More

Achates  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Achates, character in mythology, faithful lieutenant of *Aeneas in the Aeneid; a late source ascribes to him the killing of *Protesilaus (Eust. Il. 2. 701).

Acheloüs  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acheloüs, the longest of all Greek rivers, rising in central *Epirus and debouching, after a course of 240 km. (150 mi.; mostly through mountainous gorges), into the NW corner of the ... More

Acheron  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acheron, a river of Thesprotia in southern *Epirus which breaks through an impenetrable gorge into the Acherusian plain where a lake (named Acherusia) lay in ancient times. The river ... More

Achilles  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς), son of *Peleus and *Thetis; greatest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War; central character of *Homer's Iliad. His name may be of Mycenaean Greek origin, ... More

Achilles Tatius (1), Greek novelist  

Ewen Bowie

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
(see novel, greek) from *Alexandria (1), author of ‘The Story of Leucippe and Cleitophon’ (Τὰ κατὰ Λευκίππην καì Κλειτοφῶντα) in eight books. Shown by papyri to be circulating by the mid-2nd cent. ... More

Achilles Tatius (2), probably 3rd cent. CE  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Achilles Tatius (2) (probably 3rd cent. ce), author of a Greek commentary on *Aratus (1), the only surviving part of his work Περὶ σφαίρας.

Acilius, Gaius, Roman senator and historian  

Alexander Hugh McDonald

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acilius, Gaius Romansenator and historian, who interpreted for *Carneades, *Diogenes (3), and *Critolaus in the senate in 155 bce, wrote a history of Rome, in Greek, from early Italian ... More

Acilius Attianus, Publius  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acilius Attianus, Publius, from Italica, fellow townsman of *Hadrian, whose guardian he became in ce 85 (SHAHadr. 1. 4, where Caelium is a scribal error). Nothing more is known of his career before ... More

Acilius Glabrio, Manius (1), Roman consul, 191 BCE  

John Briscoe

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acilius, Manius, a *novus homo, was tribune of the plebs 201 bce when he supported peace with Carthage on the terms agreed with *Scipio Africanus. Praetor 196, he suppressed a slave revolt in ... More

Acilius Glabrio, Manius (2), Roman tribune, 122 BCE  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acilius, Manius, grandson of (1), son-in-law of a Scaevola (probably Q. *Mucius Scaevola (1)), as tribune 122 bce passed a *repetundae law providing for *equites as jurors and making procedure more ... More

Acilius Glabrio, Manius (3), Roman consul, 67 BCE  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acilius, Manius, son of (2), as praetor repetundarum (70 bce) presided over *Verres' trial. Consul 67, he fought ineffectually against *Mithradates VI until superseded by *Pompey. ‘Lazy and ... More

Acilius Glabrio, Manius (4), Roman consul, 91 CE  

Arnaldo Momigliano and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acilius, Manius, patrician and member of *Domitian's consilium (council of advisers); as consul in ce 91 he had to fight in the arena at Domitian's Alban estate (see alba longa) and was ... More

acoustics  

Andrew Barker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
5th-cent. theories about sound fall into two groups. Most though not all non-Pythagorean Presocratics were concerned primarily with the process of hearing (see especially Theophr. Sens.; ... More

Acquarossa  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Acquarossa, a plateau 6 km. (3 ½ mi.) north of Viterbo, is the site of a small and anonymous *Etruscan centre in the territory of *Caere. Excavation (1966–78) of its component ... More

Acrae  

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Acrae (near mod. Palazzolo Acreide), founded by *Syracuse in 663 bce (Thuc. 6. 5. 3), stands on a hill protected by steep cliffs, commanding the westward route from the Syracusan plain. ... More

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