M. Shane Bjornlie
Cassiodorus was a prominent participant in the political, intellectual, and religious life of 6th-century
Ian Archibald Richmond, Jocelyn M. C. Toynbee, and Leonard V. Rutgers
William David Ross and David Potter
Alexander John Graham and Stephen Mitchell
Megarian colony founded in 685
Jill Harries and Gillian Clark
John Dewar Denniston, Kenneth Dover, and Nigel Wilson
A play in 2,610 verses describing the Passion of Jesus Christ, bearing the name of *Gregory of Nazianzus, but now usually thought to have been written by a Byzantine of the 11th or 12th cent. (important evidence pointing to an earlier date has recently been assembled by A. Garzya in Sileno1984, 237–40). It contains a very great number of lines from *Euripides, and some from *Aeschylus and *Lycophron (2). It is of doubtful use for the textual criticism of Euripides, but portions of the lost end of the Bacchae have been recovered from it (see E. R. Dodds's edition of Bacch. (1960), 243 ff.).
Stanley Lawrence Greenslade and J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz
M. J. Edwards
Henry Chadwick and M. J. Edwards
Columbanus is important for two reasons: he was the earliest Irish scholar to have composed a significant corpus of writings in Latin, and he founded an austere but influential form of monasticism which flourished in France and Italy from the 7th century onwards. He was born in Leinster about 550
J. H. D. Scourfield
Christian Latin poet, probably from 3rd-cent. Africa, but assigned by some to the 4th or 5th cent. and to other locations; perhaps of Syrian origin. In the Instructiones, 80 short poems mostly in *acrostic form, he attacks paganism and Judaism and admonishes Christians; the Carmen apologeticum or De duobus populis is an exposition of Christian doctrine with didactic intent. His language and versification have been much vilified; in particular, he shows scant regard for classical prosody. The character of his verse, however, is better attributed to a desire to innovate and write poetry with appeal for ordinary uneducated Christians than to incompetence.
Constantina, born in c. 320, was the eldest daughter of Constantine I. She was married twice, first in 335 to her cousin Hannibalianus, whose death in 337 left her widowed, and second in 351 to another cousin, Gallus Caesar. Between her marriages, she resided in Rome, founding the church of St. Agnes on the Via Nomentana, where she would be buried in an adjacent mausoleum after her death in 354. Constantina was an active political player in the early 350s. In 350, she intervened against the usurpation of Magnentius through proclaiming the magister militum Vetranio Caesar to her brother Constantius, and she exerted influence on her husband Gallus when the couple resided in Antioch from 351 to 354. Constantina was venerated as a saint in Rome in the 7th century.
Alan Douglas Edward Cameron
M. J. Edwards
Samuel James Beeching Barnish
Cosmas Indicopleustes, fl. 545