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asylia  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Asylia, was freedom from others' right of self-help by seizure of one's goods (συλᾶν); see syle. Such seizure could be exercised not only against the offender but against other citizens and *metics ... More

Athēnaiōn politeia  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
*Aristotle is credited with works on the constitutions of 158 states: a papyrus containing all but the opening few pages of the Athenian constitution was acquired by the British Museum, and was ... More

atimia  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Atimia, in a Greek state, the loss of some or all rights. It originally amounted to outlawry, total loss of rights vis-à-vis the individual or community the man made atimos had wronged; later it came ... More

Attic Orators  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
By the time of *Hermogenes (2) (On Ideas 2. 11) writing in the 2nd cent. ce there was a list of ten Athenian orators (*Lysias, *Isaeus (1), *Hyperides, *Isocrates, *Dinarchus, *Aeschines (1), ... More

autonomy  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
In internal affairs it means the state of affairs where a community is responsible for its own laws; in this sense it is opposed to *tyranny (Hdt. 1. 96. 1) and means self-determination, whereas ... More

axones  

Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law, Greek Material Culture
At Athens the laws of *Draco and of *Solon were inscribed on numbered axones; the term kyrbeis (of unknown origin), used of Solon's laws, is thought by some to refer to a different set of objects, ... More

betrothal, Greek  

Gordon Willis Williams and Mark Golden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Gender Studies, Greek Law
Greek betrothal, ἐγγύη, was a contract between two men, the groom and the bride's father (or other κύριος, ‘controller’, male representative at law) which established that a union was a fully valid ... More

boulē  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
In Greek states, a council; frequently the council which had day-to-day responsibility for the state's affairs. Its membership and powers could vary with the complexion of the regime: in the Homeric ... More

bribery, Greek  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Economy, Greek Law
Much Greek vocabulary for bribery is neutral (‘persuade by gifts/money’, ‘receiving gifts’), although pejorative terms like ‘gift-swallowing’ are found as early as Hesiod (Op. 37 ff.). ... More

bureaucracy, Greek  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Because the Greek world remained a world of separate, small states, and because those states entrusted their administration as far as possible to individual citizens or boards of citizens, often ... More

Charondas  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
The lawgiver of his native town *Catana and other Chalcidic colonies, especially *Rhegium. He is often associated with *Zaleucus, but he lived later, probably towards the end of the 6th ... More

citizenship, Greek  

John Davies

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Greek citizenship stemmed from the fusion of two distinct but related elements, (a) the notion of the individual state as a ‘thing’ with boundaries, an ongoing existence, and a power of decision, and ... More

cleruchy  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography, Greek Law
Cleruchy (κληρουχία), a special sort of Greek colony (see colonization, greek) in which the settlers kept their original citizenship and did not form a completely independent community. In Classical ... More

Common Peace  

Timothy Thomas Bennett Ryder

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek History and Historiography, Greek Law
Common Peace (κοινὴ εἰρήνη), the phrase used by *Diodorus (3) Siculus, following *Ephorus, and by some contemporaries (though not by *Demosthenes (2), *Isocrates, or *Xenophon (1)) to ... More

decarchies  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Decarchies were juntas, literally ‘ten-man rules’, established under the aegis of *Lysander in parts of the former Athenian empire (see delian league) following Sparta's victory in the *Peloponnesian ... More

decision-making, Greek  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
A Greek state was the community of its citizens, and at any rate the most important decisions were made by an assembly of the citizens. *democracies and *oligarchies differed not over that ... More

demes, dēmoi  

David Whitehead

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography, Greek Law
Demes dēmo (δῆμοι), local territorial districts—villages, in effect—in Greece, and, by extension, the inhabitants or members thereof. The first of these twin meanings has been detected in the Linear ... More

democracy, Athenian  

M. H. Hansen

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek History and Historiography, Greek Law
Athenian democracy from 508/7 to 322/1 bce is the best known example in history of a ‘direct’ democracy as opposed to a ‘representative’ or ‘parliamentary’ form of democracy.Today democracy is ... More

democracy, non-Athenian and post-Classical  

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek History and Historiography, Greek Law
Democracy or people's power (see demos) was not an Athenian monopoly or even invention. (See democracy, Athenian.) The Archaic Spartan constitutional document (rhētra) preserved in Plutarch Lycurgus ... More

Demophanes and Ecdelus  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Demophanes and Ecdelus, sometimes named Megalophanes and Ecdemus (Plut.Phil. 1), Megalopolitans (see Megalopolis). While exiled in Athens after c.265 bce they were followers of the ... More

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