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Gavius Bassus, late republican scholar  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics

Late republican scholar whose (lost) works on *etymology (De origine vocabulorum) and religious antiquities (De dis) are quoted by *Quintilian, A. *Gellius, and *Macrobius.

Germanic languages  

Jay H. Jasanoff

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The Germanic languages constitute one of the ten major branches of the Indo-European family. Proto-Germanic, the inferred common parent of the group, was a sister language to Proto-Greek, ... More

Gothic language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The East Germanic language of the Goths, attested primarily in the lengthy fragments of a translation of the Greek Bible by the 4th-century Arian bishop Wulfila or Ulfilas (literally, “little wolf”). ... More

grammar, grammarians, Latin  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Latin Literature, Linguistics
The Romans came to study their own language only late, under the impulse of Hellenistic philosophy; the Greek influence was permanent and is clearly indicated by the calques that constitute much of ... More

Greek language  

Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
In the Classical period Greek was spoken in mainland Greece (including the Peloponnese), in the islands of the Aegean (including Crete, Rhodes, and Cyprus), and in the Greek colonies in Asia, Africa, ... More

Illyrian language  

Carlo de Simone

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
At present it is not possible to give a linguistic definition of ‘Illyrian’, a term which has often been used to indicate the languag (s) anciently spoken in the Balkan peninsula (excluding Greek). ... More

Indo-European and Indo-Europeans  

A. Sherratt and S. Sherratt

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
For the last 200 years it has been recognized that languages such as Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit share regularities which indicate a close historical relationship (see linguistics, ... More

Italy, languages of  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
After the introduction of the *alphabet by the Greeks in the 8th cent. bce and its adoption by the native peoples, *literacy gradually spread throughout Italy. Epigraphic remains (see epigraphy) then ... More

Latin language  

Robert G. Coleman

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Latin belongs to the Italic group of *Indo-European (IE) languages, see Italy, Languages of, which includes Faliscan (see faliscans), Umbrian, and Oscan (see Sabellic Languages). It was originally ... More

Lemnian language  

Rex E. Wallace

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The Lemnian language was spoken by the inhabitants of Lemnos, an island in the northern Aegean, in the period before Attic Greek colonization. Lemnian is preserved on sixteen inscriptions ... More

linguistics  

D. R. Langslow

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
In its broader sense, linguistics denotes the scientific study of all aspects of language in all forms (including human sign-language and animal communication), whether in isolation or in any of a ... More

linguistics, ancient  

R. H. Robins

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
1. Linguistics, as understood and practised today, arose in western antiquity from two rather different sources: philosophical debate on the origin and nature of language, and the practical ... More

linguistics, historical and comparative (Indo-European)  

Oswald John Louis Szmerenyi and Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Historical linguistics studies how language develops in time; comparative linguistics (or comparative philology) uses linguistic comparison to establish that two or more languages are ... More

Luwian  

Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Is a branch of the Anatolian family of Indo-European languages. The Hittite archives include clay tablets with rituals written in the so called cuneiform Luwian; the texts date from the 16th to the ... More

Lycian language  

H. C. Melchert

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The Lycian language is documented in somewhat fewer than 200 inscriptions on stone and in several dozen very short imprints on coins, the latter consisting only of personal and place names, often ... More

Lydian language  

H. C. Melchert

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Evidence for the Lydian language consists of more than 100 inscriptions, mostly discovered at the site of the ancient capital *Sardis. Only some two dozen of these are long enough and ... More

Macedonian language  

Olivier Masson and Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The problem of the nature and origin of the Macedonian language is still disputed by modern scholars, but does not seem to have been raised among the ancients. We have a rare adverb μακεδονιστί ... More

Messapic language  

Carlo de Simone

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
The term Messapic refers to the pre-Roman language attested in some 600 inscriptions, mostly funerary, found in the second Augustan district (regio) of Italy, Apulia et Calabria. See Italy; Messapii. ... More

Mycenaean Greek  

John Chadwick

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
Mycenaean is the name given to the form of the Greek language written in the Linear B syllabic script and found in the Mycenaean palaces (see pre-alphabetic scripts (Greece)). The nature of the ... More

North Picene language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Linguistics
North Picene was an ancient language of eastern coastal Italy. It is preserved on an Etruscan-style stele from Pesaro and perhaps three other inscriptions (if they are genuine), dating from the ... More

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