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Theramenes, Athenian politician, d. 404/403 BCE  

Antony Andrewes and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Theramenes (d. 404/3 bce), Athenian politician, son of Hagnon (cf. amphipolis). He played an active part in establishing the *Four Hundred in 411, but four months later he was active in overthrowing ... More

Thermopylae, battle of  

John F. Lazenby

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In the pass between the mountains and the sea (see preceding entry) 6,000–7,000 Greeks, led by *Leonidas(1) king of Sparta, attempted to hold the invading Persians, probably in August 480 bce. See ... More

Theron  

Brian M. Caven

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Theron, tyrant of *Acragas (Agrigento) in Sicily, c.489–473 bce; see tyranny. Probably *Gelon's ally (his daughter, Damarete, became Gelon's wife) in a war with the Phoenicians of western ... More

Thesproti  

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thesproti, a people mentioned in Homer's Odyssey with a king of *Ephyra in the Acheron valley (in this region a tholos-tomb and Mycenaean weapons have been found; see mycenaean civilization) and ... More

Thibron (1), Spartan general, d. 391 BCE  

Stephen Hodkinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thibron (1) (d. 391 bce), Spartan general. He was sent to Ionia in 400 bce to protect the Asian Greek cities from the Persian *satrap*Tissaphernes. Deficient in siege-equipment and cavalry, he ... More

Thibron (2), Spartan mercenary commander, d. 322 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thibron (2) (d. 322 BCE), Spartanmercenary commander, served under *Harpalus, whom he murdered and supplanted (late 324). He intervened with devastating effect in Cyrenaica and became briefly master ... More

Thirty Tyrants  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Upon Athens' defeat in the *Peloponnesian War (April 404 bce) Spartan support gave Athenian oligarchs the upper hand (see oligarchy). Under the peace terms imposed by *Lysander thirty men were chosen ... More

Thirty Years Peace  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agreement between Sparta and Athens in 446, which ended the First *Peloponnesian War after c.15 years. Its exact terms are unknown but by it Athens (after a recent defeat in *Boeotia, see coronea, ... More

Thrasybulus, d. 388 BCE  

Henry Dickinson Westlake and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thrasybulus (d. 388 bce), son of Lycus, Athenian general and statesman. (Xen., Hell. 4. 8. 25 calls him Thrasybulus of (the *deme of) Steiria to distinguish him from Thrasybulus of Collytus, Hell. 5. ... More

Thrasyllus, Athenian democratic politician and soldier, 5th cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
At the time of the Athenian oligarchic coup of 411 bce, he organized democratic support in the fleet at *Samos, where he was elected general (see stratēgoi) for 411/10 by the fleet (Thuc. 8. 76. 2) ... More

Thucydides (2), Athenian historian, 2nd half of 5th cent. BCE  

Henry Theodore Wade-Gery, John Dewar Denniston, and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thucydides (2), author of the (incomplete) History of the War (*Peloponnesian War) between Athens and Sparta, 431–404 bce, in eight books.He was born probably between 460 and 455 bce: he was general ... More

Thucydides (1), Athenian politician  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Tim Cornell, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thucydides (1), son of Melesias, Athenian politician (born c.500 bce). He was an aristocrat, connected by marriage with *Cimon. After the death of Cimon he succeeded him as the leading ... More

Timaeus (2), of Tauromenium, western Greek historian  

Klaus Meister

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In *Sicily, c.350–260 bce, the most important western Greek historian; son of Andromachus, the dynast who refounded Tauromenium in 358. Andromachus gave *Timoleon a warm welcome in 345 and lent him ... More

Timagenes, of Alexandria (1), Greek rhetor and historian  

Livia Capponi

Timagenes of Alexandria (1), according to Suda the son of a royal banker (βασιλικοῦ ἀργυραμοιβοῦ υἱός), was a Greek rhetor and historian, who came to Rome as a captive in 55 bce with Gabinius(2) and ... More

Timoleon  

John Salmon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Timoleon, Corinthian who expelled *Dionysius (2) II from *Syracuse, put down other tyrants in *Sicily (see tyranny), and defeated *Carthage: the truth about him is not easy to discern behind our ... More

Timotheus (2), Athenian general  

C. J. Tuplin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Timotheus (2), son of *Conon(1) (cf. Tod 128), Athenian general. He was a wealthy associate of *Plato(1) and *Isocrates and friend of *Jason(2), notable for modest physique, imaginative military ... More

tribute lists, Athenian  

Malcolm F. McGregor and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tribute lists (Athenian), records of the aparchai (first-fruits; pl. of *aparchē) of one-sixtieth given as an offering to *Athena from the tribute paid by the members of the *Delian League after the ... More

trierarchy  

Chester G. Starr and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The word trierarchos means ‘*trireme-commander’, but at Athens in the 5th and 4th cents. bce the trierarchy was a *liturgy, which the richest citizens could be called on to perform for a year. The ... More

tyrannicides  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tyrannicides, killers of tyrants (see tyranny) generally (see e.g. servilius ahala, c.) but specially used of (a) the killers of *Hipparchus(1) of Athens (see aristogiton; ... More

tyranny  

Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tyranny is the name given to the form of monarchy set up by usurpers in many Greek states in the 7th and 6th cents. bce. The earliest occurrence of the term is in *Archilochus (tyrannis, fr. 19. 3 ... More

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