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Alexander (11) 'Polyhistor', Greek polymath and ethnographer  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Born c.105 bce at *Miletus, he was captured in the Mithradatic Wars (see mithradates vi) and came to Rome as a slave of an unidentifiable Cornelius Lentulus; he was freed and given Roman ... More

Alexandria (1)  

Dominic W. Rathbone

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Alexandria (1) was founded by *Alexander (3) the Great in 331 bce when he took *Egypt from the Persians. It was developed principally by the first two Ptolemies, who made it the capital of their ... More

Alexandria (2), 'near Issus'  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Alexandria (2) ‘near Issus’, close to Iskenderun (Alexandretta) on the gulf of Issus, a city founded by *Alexander (3) the Great or *Seleucus (1) I near the site of the battle (of *Issus) where ... More

Alexandria (7) Troas  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Alexandria (7) Troas was originally founded in 310 bce as Antigoneia by *Antigonus (1) but renamed soon after by *Lysimachus. The site lies on the coast of *Troas opposite Tenedos, and ... More

Algidus  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Algidus, the easternmost section of the outer edge of the *Albanus mons, famous for its temples of Diana and Fortune and its fashionable villas (Hor. Carm. saec. 69; Livy 21. 62; Sil. 12. 536). The ... More

Alinda  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Alinda (mod. Karpuzlu), town in *Caria (SW Asia Minor), possibly of great antiquity (the name may occur in Hittite documents). It paid tribute to the 5th-cent. Athenian empire (see delian ... More

Aliso  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Aliso, a fort on or near the Lippe established during the wars of *Drusus, possibly the one mentioned by Cassius Dio (54. 33. 4) as set up in 11 bce ‘at the point where the Lupia and the Elison ... More

Allia  

Andrew Drummond

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Allia, a stream flowing into the *Tiber on the east bank, 18 km. (11 mi.) north of Rome (probably modern Fosso della Bettina), where the Romans confronted, and were overwhelmed by, a Gallic war-band ... More

Allifae  

Edward Togo Salmon and D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography, Roman Material Culture
Allifae, mountain town overlooking the *Volturnus the gateway between *Samnium and *Campania: modern Alife, which has an archaeological museum (an epigraphic collection is in nearby ... More

Alps  

Howard Hayes Scullard and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Although the passes of the Alps had been used for trans-European commerce since prehistoric times, the early Greeks had no knowledge of these mountains, though a vague notion of them may lurk in ... More

Altinum  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography, Roman Material Culture
Altinum (mod. Altino, near Venice), from the 5th cent. bce a centre of the *Veneti (2), and later a Roman *municipium. It prospered as a highway junction, where the *via Postumia, *via Popillia, ... More

Amanus  

Eric Herbert Warmington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Amanus, the name applied to the mountain horseshoe of Elma Dağ above Alexandretta (see alexandria (2)), together with Giaour Dağ which trends north-eastwards. It is separated from *Taurus by the deep ... More

Amathus  

Hector Catling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography, Greek Material Culture
Amathus, a major coastal city of *Cyprus, on a hill near mod. Ayios Tychonas, 10 km. (6 mi.) east of Limassol, surrounded by extensive and much excavated cemeteries, and immediately adjacent to its ... More

Ambracia  

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Ambracia (mod. Arta), situated on the river Arachthus, 18 km. (11 mi.) from its harbour Ambracus on the north shore of the gulf of Arta. Founded as a Corinthian colony (see corinth) c.625 bce, it ... More

Ameria  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Ameria (mod. Amelia), hill-town of southern *Umbria. Although very ancient (Plin. HN 3. 114), it is first mentioned by Cicero (Rosc. Amer. 15, 19, 20, 25), in whose day it was a prosperous ... More

Amisus  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Amisus (mod. Samsun), a 6th-cent. colony of *Miletus or *Phocaea, was built on a peninsula site on the Black Sea coast, the best harbour between *Sinope and *Trapezus, at the head of a commercial ... More

Ammaedara  

R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography, Roman Material Culture
Ammaedara (mod. Haidra), a Roman city in western Tunisia on the Carthage–Theveste trunk road, 36 km. (22 mi.) north-east of the latter. The first fortress of the Legio III Augusta was ... More

Amorgos  

R. W. V. Catling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Amorgos, a narrow mountainous island (124 sq. km.: 48 sq. mi) in the SE *Cyclades. Its location makes it an attractive staging-point for shipping. Having flourished in the early bronze age, its later ... More

Amphipolis  

James Maxwell Ross Cormack and Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography, Greek Material Culture
Amphipolis, on the east bank of the Strymon, which surrounds the city on three sides (hence its name), 5 km. (3 mi.) from its seaport Eïon; it was originally the site of a Thracian town, Ennea Hodoi ... More

Amphissa  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Geography
Amphissa, ‘the largest and most famous city of the [western, Ozolian] Locrians’ (Paus. 10. 38. 2; see locris). Its traditional policy being enmity with *Phocis and alliance with *Thebes ... More

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