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Vitruvius (Pol(l)io)  

Richard Allan Tomlinson and J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Vitruvius (Pol(l)io) (See mamurra), a Roman architect and military engineer, in which capacity he served *Caesar. He built a basilica at *Fanum Fortunae; but his fame rests chiefly on a treatise, De ... More

vivisection  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Squeamishness about the dissection (let alone vivisection) of animals is a mark of much ancient medicine and zoology, and there is no firm evidence for vivisection in those Hippocratic works (see ... More

Vix  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Vix, a Hallstatt (late 6th-cent. bce) sepulchral mound by Mont Lassois (Côte-d'Or). Its rich grave goods, including a massive bronze Greek mixing-bowl, suggest the growing influence of the ... More

Voconius Romanus, Gaius Licinius Marinus  

M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Spanish literary friend and correspondent of the Younger *Pliny(2), who said his letters read as if the Muses were speaking in Latin (Ep. 2. 13), and tried to advance his career. His family came from ... More

Vocontii  

A. L. F. Rivet and John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Vocontii, a Celtic people of Gallia Narbonensis (see celts; gaul (transalpine)) who, from at least the 3rd cent. bce (Livy, 21. 31) occupied the western foothills of the Alps south of the ... More

Volaterrae  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Volaterrae (Etr. VelaθRi; mod. Volterra), one of the twelve cities of Etruria (see etruscans) and capital of the mineral-rich zone of central Tuscany, was established in Villanovan times ... More

Volcacius Moschus  

Christian James Fordyce and M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Declaimer from *Pergamum and pupil of *Apollodorus (5). L. *Annaeus Seneca(1), who criticizes him for excessive use of figures (Controv.10 pref. 10), records (ibid. 2. 5. 13) that, after being ... More

Volcacius Sedigitus  

Peter G. M. Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Early 1st cent. bce, author of a work De poetis (‘On Poets’) in iambic senarii, of which the largest surviving fragment (quoted by Gell. NA 15. 24) ranks ten authors of fabulae palliatae in order of ... More

Volcanus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Volcanus (VolkanusVulcanus), an ancient Roman god of destructive, devouring *fire, in both the human environment and in nature: e.g. in volcanoes (see Strabo 5. 246 for his worship at the Solfatare ... More

Volcei  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Volcei (mod. Buccino), in south Italy, Lucanian city (see lucania) near the Valle di Diano. It was inhabited from the bronze age, and prominent under Roman rule. It entered alliance with Rome ... More

Vologeses I  

Margaret Stephana Drower, Eric William Gray, and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
King of *Parthia, 51 ce/2–79/80. His family belonged to *Media Atropatene. Much of his reign was spent in wars with Rome and on his eastern frontier. In 54 Vologeses set his brother *Tiridates(3) on ... More

Volsci  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Volsci, people of ancient Italy. The Volsci first become prominent in ancient historical narratives of the early 5th cent., when they overran southern *Latium and occupied the Monti Lepini, most of ... More

Volsinii  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Veteres, one of the twelve cities of Etruria (see etruscans), may safely be equated with medieval and modern Orvieto and its temples (notably Belvedere, of *Vitruvius' Tuscan type), ... More

Voltumna  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Voltumna, an Etruscan goddess, at whose shrine the Etruscan federal council met (Livy, 4. 23. 5; 25. 7; 61. 2; 5. 17. 6; 6. 2. 2; cf. CIL 11. 5265 and J. Gascou, Mélanges d'arch. 1967, for the ... More

Volturnus  

Edward Togo Salmon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Volturnus, the principal river of *Campania, a considerable stream often mentioned in ancient accounts of Samnite and Hannibalic Wars (see samnium; punic wars). It rises in Samnium and flows ... More

Volubilis  

Brian Herbert Warmington and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Volubilis (mod. Oubili), a town in the Djebel Zerhoun plain in Morocco, 20 km. (12 mi.) north of Meknes. Already in existence in the 4th or early 3rd cent. bce, it soon became thoroughly Punicized, ... More

Volumnius, Publius  

M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A philosopher who accompanied *Brutus in his campaign against the triumvirs (see triumviri). He recorded, perhaps in a biography, prodigies (see portents) which preceded Brutus' last ... More

Volusius Maecianus, Lucius  

Tony Honoré

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Roman Law
Lucius Volusius Maecianus, a lawyer of the mid-2nd cent. ce, probably came from *Ostia, where inscriptions recording his career have been found. He became a libellis (secretary for petitions) to ... More

Votienus Montanus  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Orator from *Narbo. Although L. *Annaeus Seneca(1), Controv.9, pref., assigns him a long speech explaining why he never took part in *declamations, numerous extracts, chiefly from the same book, show ... More

votive offerings  

Irad Malkin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Votive offerings are voluntary dedications to the gods, resulting not from prescribed ritual or sacred calendars but from ad hoc vows of individuals or communities in circumstances usually of ... More

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