Otto Skutsch and M. Winterbottom
Peter G. M. Brown
Carmen Priami (‘The Song of Priam’), a poem in *Saturnian verse, of which *Varro, Ling. 7. 28 quotes one line; an archaizing composition, apparently written after and in reaction to *Ennius' Annals.
Carmen Saliare or Carmina Saliaria, the ancient hymn(s) of the *Salii in *Saturnian verse, unintelligible (Hor. Epist. 2. 1. 85–6; Quint. Inst. 1. 6. 40) despite commentaries by L. *Aelius and others; the few fragments, already corrupt in antiquity, mostly illustrate obsolete diction (e.g. intervocalic s [z] = classical r). As transmitted, they include (fr. 1) the syncopated imperative cante ‘sing’ ( = canite) and the title diuom deo ‘god of gods’ for Janus, (fr. 2) the unchanged Indo-European form tremonti (they) tremble’ ( = tremunt, cf. Doric Greek -οντι) and the name Leucesios (or Lucetius: Macrob. Sat. 1. 15. 14) (god) of light’ for Jupiter; but text and interpretation remain speculative and controversial (one theory derives them from a misunderstood commentary).
M. Shane Bjornlie
Cassiodorus was a prominent participant in the political, intellectual, and religious life of 6th-century
Julia Haig Gaisser
Lucius Augustanrhetor Cestius Pius, from *Smyrna. He is frequently cited by the elder *Seneca, who comments on his outspoken wit. He was once flogged by Cicero's son (M. *Tullius Cicero (2)) for slandering the orator, to some of whose speeches he wrote replies.
R. A. Kaster
Flavius Charisius (late 4th cent.
Alexander Hugh McDonald and Antony Spawforth
R. O. A. M. Lyne and Niklas Holzberg
A poem from the *Appendix Vergiliana. It is generally thought to be un-Virgilian; it contains many echoes of *Virgil and *Ovid. Its story is that of *Scylla (2), daughter of *Nisus (1), king of *Megara, who was metamorphosed into the ciris bird; the identity of this bird is not explained, but the name alludes (see l. 488) to Scylla's severing of Nisus’ magic lock (Greek keirein), an action which betrayed Megara to the attacking *Minos with whom Scylla had fallen in love. In style and narrative technique the poem is heavily neoteric, and besides many visible imitations of *Catullus 64, it probably extensively imitates C. *Helvius Cinna's Smyrna and other neoteric poems.
J. H. D. Scourfield
Ewen Bowie and Antony Spawforth
Howard Hayes Scullard and Barbara Levick
R. A. Kaster
R. A. Kaster
Augustan lexicographer and antiquarian who wrote on the meanings of Greek words and on Latin words derived from Greek. He is probably the ‘Cloatius’ whom *Verrius Flaccus cites (with L. *Aelius) on Latin sacral terms.
Publius Clodius Quirinalis, from Arelate (mod. Arles) in Gaul, said by *Jerome to have taught rhetoric at Rome c.