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pōlētai  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Pōlētai (πωληταί) ‘sellers’, were Athenian officials. The date of their institution is not known, but they already existed in the time of *Solon. In *Aristotle's time there were ten, ... More

police  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law, Roman Law
In any discussion of police it is necessary to distinguish between the function of policing, that is, maintaining public order and enforcing the law, and the existence of a specialized agency of ... More

polis  

Oswyn Murray

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek History and Historiography, Greek Law
Polis (pl. poleis), the Greek city-state. The polis is the characteristic form of Greek urban life; its main features are small size, political *autonomy, social homogeneity, sense of community and ... More

politics, Greek  

Oswyn Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
1. Politics as power struggle. This is the dominant interpretation of politics in the modern world since Macchiavelli; it requires organized groups, either operating out of group self-interest or ... More

probouloi  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Probouloi was a name used for officials in various Greek states. In *Athensprobouloi were appointed in 413 bce. They were ten men over 40 years of age, including *Sophocles (1) ... More

proedroi  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Proedroi were chairmen. In the 5th cent. bce in Athens the chairman at meetings of the *boulē and *ekklēsia was the foreman of the *prytaneis; but later, probably from 403/2 ... More

propaganda  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law, Greek Literature
Propaganda is not easy to define. It means active manipulation of opinion and some distortion of the truth; it also perhaps aims at exclusive indoctrination of one set of opinions, contrast ideology ... More

proxeny (proxenos)  

William Mack

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Proxeny (proxenia) was an official honorific status granted by Greek states to members of external political communities and was closely related to the private institution of ritualized ... More

prytaneis  

D. M. MacDowell and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Prytaneis means ‘presidents’, sing. prytanis (πρύτανις). In Athens the *boulē, after it was reorganized in 508/7 bce by *Cleisthenes (2), consisted of fifty men chosen by lot from each of the ten ... More

punishment, Greek and Roman practice  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law, Roman Law
According to *Cicero (Ad Brut. 23. 3), it was a dictum of *Solon's that a community was held together by rewards and penalties, and the ascription seems plausible, in so far as Archaic Greek ... More

sacred laws  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law, Greek Myth and Religion
The category of “sacred laws” is one within which modern scholarship on Greek religion assembles inscriptions which in various ways regulate the conduct of cult. Many have a broadly policing ... More

Solon, Athenian politician and poet  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Solon, Athenian politician and poet, was of noble descent but, whether or not the tradition that he was of moderate means is correct, came to sympathize with the poor. He was prominent in the war ... More

sortition  

Victor Ehrenberg and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Sortition (klērōsis), election by lot, a method of appointing officials in Greek city-states, especially in democracies (see democracy, both entries). It was based on the idea of equality and ... More

stasis  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Stasis (lit. ‘standing’), a Greek word commonly used for a group of men who take a stand in a political dispute, i.e. a party or faction, and by extension for the dispute itself, especially when the ... More

status, legal and social, Roman  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
In Roman law, status describes the ‘legal position’ of an individual with respect to both that person's household (familia) and the broader civic community of Rome. The concept of status is linked to ... More

Stratocles  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek History and Historiography, Greek Law
Stratocles, son of Euthydemus, Athenian from the *deme of Diomeia (c. 355 to after 292 bce). He was the official prosecutor of *Harpalus (Din. 1. 1. 20) (324/3). After *Demetrius (4)'s ... More

sycophants  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Sycophants (συκοφάνται), habitual prosecutors. In Athens there were, for most offences, no public prosecutors, but anyone (for some offences, any citizen) who wished was allowed to prosecute in a ... More

sylē  

John Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Sylē and its cognate verb (συλᾶν) denoted the act of stripping an outsider or an enemy of his possessions by force, nominally in reprisal for previous hurt or outstanding *debt (cf. Hom.Il. 11. ... More

symbolon  

Robert J. Hopper and Paul C. Millett

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law, Greek Material Culture
Symbolon, originally a physical object, intended as a material indication of identification or agreement. What may have begun as a private practice as a reminder of xenia or ritualized friendship ... More

symmoria  

Friedrich M. Heichelheim and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Economy, Greek Law
Symmoria (‘partnership’), in Athens a group of men liable for payment of the tax called *eisphora or for the *liturgy of the *trierarchy. In 378/7 bce all payers of eisphora were organized in ... More

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