Frederick Norman Pryce
Donald Michael Bailey and Michael Vickers
The wonderful beauty and diversity of Greece was seldom fully appreciated by ancient Greeks (to whom it was commonplace). Greece has a rich flora and fauna, with many species peculiar to the country, or to one mountain or island (especially *Crete).
The land comprises six ecological zones:
In pre-neolithic times Greece was more wooded than now; in the drier east the trees probably formed savannah, with spaces between them. Crete and other islands may have differed from the mainland, owing to their peculiar faunas (nearly all extinct by the Classical period) including dwarf elephants and hippopotamuses. During the neolithic and bronze ages the landscape was increasingly affected by human activity and by a change to a more arid *climate. The date and nature of deforestation are controversial, but there is no good evidence that Classical Greece was more wooded than today.
Oliver Davies and David William John Gill
Andrew F. Stewart
Leochares, Athenian sculptor, active c. 370–320