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sympoliteia  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
The verb sympoliteuein is used from the late 5th cent. bce onwards to denote the merging of separate communities in a single state, similar to *synoecism (Thuc. 6. 4. 1, Xen.Hell. 5. 2. 12). In ... More

synoecism  

Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Synoecism (synoikismos), in the Greek world, the combination of several smaller communities to form a single larger community. Sometimes the union was purely political and did not affect the pattern ... More

syssitia  

Stephen Hodkinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
The generic name for mess-companies of citizens in various Greek cities, especially in *Sparta and *Crete. Some scholars view them as successors of the common messes of archaic warrior clubs or ... More

tagos  

Bruno Helly

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Tagos (ταγός), considered the official title of the supreme civil and military magistrate of the Thessalians (see thessaly) since E. Meyer, who tried to establish a list of these alleged leaders in ... More

tetrarchy  

Henry Dickinson Westlake and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek History and Historiography, Greek Law
Tetrarchy was first used to denote one of the four political divisions of *Thessaly (‘tetrad’ being a purely geographical term). The term found its way to the Hellenistic east and was ... More

thesmothetai  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Thesmothetai in Athens were the six junior of the nine *archontes, appointed annually. They were instituted in the 7th cent. bce. Thesmos is an early word for ‘law’ or ‘rule’, but it is unlikely that ... More

thētes  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Economy, Greek Law
Thētes, hired labourers, the lowest class of free men in a Greek state. At Athens, after *Solon, the lowest of the four property classes, said (perhaps by false analogy with *pentakosiomedimnoi) to ... More

tyranny  

Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek History and Historiography, Greek Law
Tyranny is the name given to the form of monarchy set up by usurpers in many Greek states in the 7th and 6th cents. bce. The earliest occurrence of the term is in *Archilochus (tyrannis, fr. 19. 3 ... More

war, rules of  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law, Roman Law
These, like much other international law (see law, international), depended on custom and showed a constant conflict between the higher standards of optimistic theory and the harsher measures ... More

Zaleucus  

Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Law
Zaleucus, lawgiver of Italian *Locri Epizephyrii, and probably the earliest lawgiver in Greece, perhaps c.650 bce. The traditions about him are poor, later accounts (e.g. Diod. Sic. 12. ... More

zeugitai  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Ancient Economy, Greek Law
Zeugitai (from zeugos, ‘yoke’), at Athens, Solon's third property class, said (perhaps by false analogy with *pentakosiomedimnoi) to comprise men whose land yielded between 200 and 300 ... More

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