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Arnaldo Momigliano and M. T. Griffin
Equestrian *procurator of *Livia Drusilla, *Tiberius, and *Claudius, came from Gallia Narbonensis (ILS1321, showing him patron of Vaison). As favourite of *Iulia Agrippina, he was appointed sole prefect of the praetorian guard (see
Peter G. M. Brown
Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver and Ernst Badian
Afranius, Lucius, a *novus homo born in *Picenum (ILS878), served under *Pompey against *Sertorius. He was praetor (probably 72 or 71
William Nassau Weech, Brian Herbert Warmington, and R. J. A. Wilson
Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March
Aganippe, in mythology, daughter of the river-god Permessus (Paus. 9. 29. 5: spelling ‘Ter-’), nymph of the spring of that name on *Helicon (Callim. fr. 696 Pf.), sacred to the *Muses.
Agapenor (Ἀγαπήνωρ), in mythology, leader of the Arcadian contingent against Troy (Il. 2. 609); son of *Ancaeus. On the way back from Troy he arrived at Cyprus (Lycoph. 479 ff.), where he founded *Paphos and a temple of *Aphrodite and settled (Paus. 8. 5. 2).
Thomas Bertram Lonsdale Webster and Andrew F. Stewart
Agasias (1) Ephesiansculptor, son of Dositheus, active c.100
Andrew F. Stewart
Agatharchides, of Cnidus, Greek historian, geographer, and Peripatetic philosopher, c. 215–after 145 BCE
Kenneth S. Sacks
Who lived most of his adult life in *Alexandria (1), eventually leaving, perhaps in flight to Athens after 145. He was not, as previously believed, regent to *Ptolemy (1) IX but was in the service of *Heraclides (3) Lembus. His major works, for which there are fragmentary remains, include: Asian Affairs (Τὰ κατὰ τὴν Ἀσίαν), probably a universal history that extended to the *Diadochi; European Affairs (Τὰ κατὰ τὴν Εὐρώπην), perhaps to his own time; and On the Red Sea (Περὶ τῆς Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης) in five books (some preserved by Diodorus, bk. 3, and Photius). These large-scale histories, interlaced with *anthropology and *geography, provided a model for *Posidonius (2). He attacked the Asianic prose style, and *Photius calls him a worthy disciple of *Thucydides (2) in expression. He may have voiced hostility toward the Ptolemies, from whom he may have fled.
Painter of Samos. He was the first to make a skēnē, for Aeschylus (probably for a revival at the time of the *Peloponnesian War), and wrote a book on ‘skēnē-painting’, which inspired *Anaxagoras and *Democritus to write on perspective (Vitr. De arch. 7 pref. 11). He was the first painter to use perspective on a large scale (isolated instances occur on vases from the mid 6th cent.
Averil M. Cameron
J. T. Vallance
Agathinus (Claudius Agathinus) a Spartandoctor of the 1st cent. CE, associated with the medical sect of the *Pneumatists and by at least one ancient source with the establishment of an eclectic medical sect founded on Pneumatism with additional doctrines from medical Empiricism and *Methodism. He was a pupil of *Athenaeus (3) of Attaleia, and was linked with the Stoic philosopher L. *Annaeus Cornutus. He may have taught the physicians *Archigenes and *Herodotus (2). Fragments of his doctrines are reported by *Galen and *Oribasius, amongst others. He wrote influential works on pulsation (grudgingly praised by Galen, 8. 748 Kühn), on semi-tertian fevers, and on the use of hellebore; little is now known of their contents.
Agathocles (2) of Cyzicus, grammarian, c. 275/65 –200/190
Francis Redding Walton and John Scheid
Agdistis, a form of the Phrygian mother-goddess; at *Pessinus*Cybele was called Agdistis (Strabo 469, 567). According to the myth (see