You are looking at  1-15 of 15 articles  for:

  • Greek Material Culture x
  • Greek Literature x
Clear All

View:

alcoholism, Greek  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The ancient Greeks were unfamiliar with modern concepts of alcoholism, but they were well aware of self-destructive drinking and the effects of habitual drunkenness. In the Odyssey, *Homer makes a ... More

Antigonus (4), of Carystus, writer and bronze-worker, fl. c. 240 BCE  

Frank William Walbank and Andrew F. Stewart

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Literature, Greek Material Culture
Antigonus (4) of Carystus (fl. c. 240 BCE), writer and bronzeworker, lived at Athens and (apparently) at *Pergamum. An inferior anecdotal collection survives: (a) Ἱστοριῶν ... More

Biton, 3rd or 2nd cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Literature, Greek Material Culture
Biton (Βίτων) (3rd or 2nd cent. bce), the author of a small extant work on siege-engines, Κατασκευαὶ πολεμικῶν ὀργάνων καὶ καταπαλτικῶν (‘The Construction of War-machines and Catapults’; ... More

books, Greek and Roman  

H. Maehler

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Books existed in *Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and *Mesopotamia by c.3000 bce. While ... More

epigraphy, Greek  

H. W. Pleket

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The study of inscriptions engraved on stone or metal in Greek letters. Coin-legends (see coinage, greek) are for the numismatist, whereas painted mummy-labels and ink-written texts on *ostraca, ... More

horse- and chariot-races  

John Kinloch Anderson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In the funeral games for *Patroclus the chariot-race is the premier event (Hom.Il. 23. 262–538). The heroes drive two-horse chariots normally used in battle over an improvised cross-country course, ... More

libraries  

P. J. Parsons

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
By the end of the 5th cent. bce, books were in general circulation, even if some regarded them as a fad of intellectuals like *Euripides (Ar. Ran. 943, cf. fr. 506 KA); Athens had booksellers (Eup. ... More

masks  

Richard Seaford

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Literature, Greek Material Culture
Masks, as in many other pre-modern cultures, were used in Greece and Rome in cult and in dramatic representations. We have terracotta representations of grotesque masks worn in adolescent rites of ... More

masturbation  

Kelly L. Wrenhaven

In ancient Greece and Rome, masturbation was viewed with good-humored disdain. Although it was not apparently subject to the same kinds of scathing attacks that Greek comedy makes on male same-sex ... More

Museum  

Theodore Johannes Haarhoff and Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Literature, Greek Material Culture
Museum (Μουσεῖον), originally a place connected with the *Muses or the arts inspired by them. *Euripides speaks of the μουσεῖα of birds, the places where they sing. When a religious meaning was ... More

papyrology, Greek  

H. Maehler

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Papyrus, manufactured in Egypt since c.3000 bce from a marsh plant, Cyperus papyrus (see books, greek and roman), was the most widely used writing material in the Graeco-Roman world. The object of ... More

Persephone/Kore  

Ana Isabel Jiménez San Cristóbal

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Persephone/Kore (Περσεφόνη/ Κόρη) is a goddess, Demeter’s daughter by Zeus, wife of Hades, and queen of the underworld. Her most important myth is that of her abduction by Hades, her ... More

phallus  

Richard Seaford

Phallus, an image of the penis, often as erect, to be found in various contexts, in particular (a) in certain rituals associated with fertility, notably Dionysiac *processions (see dionysus): see ... More

theatre staging, Greek  

J. Richard Green

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Greek Literature, Greek Material Culture
The visual element in Greek theatre is demonstrably strong from the time of the earliest formal drama; the importance accorded to stage production may be judged from *Aristophanes(1)'s *parodies of ... More

tourism  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Well-known Greek tourists include *Solon, said (Hdt. 1. 30) to have visited Egypt and Lydia ‘for the sake of seeing’ (theōria), and *Herodotus (1) himself. Sea-borne *trade and sightseeing were ... More

View: