Aeneas (Aineias) Tacticus, probably the Stymphalian general of the Arcadian koinon (see
John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker
Albert Brian Bosworth
Peter Barr Reid Forbes and Kenneth S. Sacks
Godfrey Louis Barber and Simon Hornblower
Callias (5), of *Syracuse, lived at the court of *Agathocles (1), tyrant of Syracuse (316–289
George Law Cawkwell
Frederick Arthur George Beck and Rosalind Thomas
H. W. Pleket
‘Which of the gods was it that brought the two together in strife?’, asks the Iliad as it launches its narrative (1.8); early in the Odyssey*Zeus complains that mortals blame the gods when they are responsible for their own sufferings (1.32–3). Both poems however swiftly complicate any attempt to limit explanations to either the human or the divine level. Achilles and Agamemnon quarrel, Achilles kills Hector, and Odysseus gets home, largely because they are the people that they are, but gods often intervene too. The Greeks win because they are better fighters; they also win because more gods are on their side. The poems also suggest another form of explanation, not tracing events to their origins but relating them to a familiar pattern of human life. Suffering is the lot of humanity (Il. 24.525–6); outrages like those of the suitors are punished. Life is like that, and one should not be surprised.
John P. A. Gould
Hyperides (Ὑπερείδης), son of Glaucippus of the deme Collytus, was one of the ten canonical Attic orators and was esteemed by ancient critics as a versatile speechwriter; as a politician, he was a prominent opponent of Macedon in the period before and after the battle of Chaeronea.