You are looking at  1-20 of 28 articles  for:

  • Roman History and Historiography x
Clear All

View:

cliens  

Arnaldo Momigliano and Tim Cornell

Published Online:
Dec 2015
In Rome a client was a free man who entrusted himself to another and received protection in return. Clientship was a hereditary social status consecrated by usage and recognized, though not defined ... More

client kings  

David C. Braund

Published Online:
Dec 2015
The term ‘client kings’ is conventionally used by scholars to denote a range of monarchs and quasi-monarchs of non-Roman peoples who enjoyed a relationship with Rome that was essentially harmonious ... More

collegium  

Piero Treves, Cyril Bailey, and Andrew Lintott

(1) Magisterial or priestly: a board of officials. (2) Private: any private association of fixed membership and constitution (see clubs, roman).The principle of collegiality was a standard feature of ... More

consul  

Peter Sidney Derow

Published Online:
Dec 2015
The title of the chief annual civil and military magistrates of Rome during the republic. Two consuls were elected annually for most, if not all, of the republic by the centuriate assembly (see ... More

Coruncanius, Tiberius  

Peter Sidney Derow

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tiberius Coruncanius, from *Tusculum, consul 280 bce, dictator (for elections) 246, died 243. As consul he celebrated a triumph over *Volsinii and *Vulci and was active with his colleague (P. ... More

cursus honorum  

T. Corey Brennan

Published Online:
Dec 2015
Down to the 3rd cent. bce there were perhaps few rules concerning the cursus honorum (career path) other than a requisite period of military service before seeking the political offices open to one's ... More

dictator  

A. N. Sherwin-White and Andrew Lintott

Published Online:
Dec 2015
An extraordinary supreme magistracy at Rome, used first in military, later in domestic crises.In Latin cities we find the name ‘dictator’ given to a regular magistracy, but there is no evidence that ... More

education, Roman  

J. V. Muir

There is very little reliable evidence bearing upon formal education in the early period. Education was then certainly centred on the family and was probably based upon apprenticeship supervised by ... More

fasces  

Andrew Drummond

Comprised bundles of rods, approximately 1.5 m. (5 ft.) long and of elm- or birchwood, and a single-headed axe; they were held together by red thongs and carried by *lictores. An iron set from a late ... More

imperium  

Peter Sidney Derow

Published Online:
Jul 2015
Imperium was the supreme power, involving command in war and the interpretation and execution of law (including the infliction of the death penalty), which belonged at Rome to the kings (see rex) ... More

lex Agraria, 111 BCE  

Tommaso Beggio

Published Online:
Apr 2019
The lex Agraria dating from 111 bce is an epigraphic law dealing with the distribution and privatisation of public land (ager publicus) in Italy and the provinces. In its first part, ... More

lex de imperio Vespasiani  

Kaius Tuori

Published Online:
May 2019
The Lex de imperio Vespasiani ( CIL VI 930, 31207=ILS 244) is an epigraphic text on a bronze tablet, now partially lost, containing part of a law that granted some or all ... More

lex Ovinia  

Charles Bartlett

Published Online:
Jan 2018
The lex Ovinia, or more properly, the plebiscitum Ovinium, is a plebiscite that transferred the power to determine membership in the Roman Senate from the consuls or chief magistrates to the censors. ... More

lex Publilia Philonis  

Charles Bartlett

Published Online:
Jan 2018
The lex Publilia Philonis of 339bce addressed two issues of importance for the functioning of the Senate. The first concerned the auctoritas of the body, and did away with the practice of senatorial ... More

maritime loans  

Dominic W. Rathbone

In the ancient Greek and Roman worlds, centred as they were on the Mediterranean, maritime transport was far more practical than land transport for long- and even medium-distance trade. Most ships ... More

papyrology, Latin  

J. David Thomas

In comparison with Greek papyri, Latin papyri are uncommon, even when “papyri” is understood in a wide sense so as to include *ostraca and parchment scraps. This is so because the vast majority of ... More

plebs  

Arnaldo Momigliano and Andrew Lintott

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Plebs, the name given to the mass of Roman citizens, as distinct from the privileged patricians, perhaps related to the Greek term for the masses, plethos. A modern hypothesis that the plebs was ... More

praetor  

T. Corey Brennan and Andrew Lintott

Published Online:
Mar 2016
‘Praetor’ (from prae-ire, ‘to precede’, i.e. in battle) was originally the title borne by the two republican magistrates who were chosen annually to serve as eponymous heads of state. In 367 bce the ... More

pro consule, pro praetore  

Ernst Badian and Andrew Lintott

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Pro consule, pro praetore, a magistrate (see magistracy, roman) in place of a *consul or *praetor respectively, operating outside Rome and outside the regular annual magistracy.The first instance is ... More

Sempronius Gracchus (1), Tiberius, Roman consul, 214 and 213 BCE  

Ernst Badian

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus (1), son of a consul of 238 bce, as curule aedile (216) was made magister equitum after *Cannae and at once consul (215). With an army including slaves he relieved *Cumae ... More

View: