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Agatharchides, of Cnidus, Greek historian, geographer, and Peripatetic philosopher, c. 215–after 145 BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Who lived most of his adult life in *Alexandria (1), eventually leaving, perhaps in flight to Athens after 145. He was not, as previously believed, regent to *Ptolemy (1) IX but was in the service of *Heraclides (3) Lembus. His major works, for which there are fragmentary remains, include: Asian Affairs (Τὰ κατὰ τὴν Ἀσίαν), probably a universal history that extended to the *Diadochi; European Affairs (Τὰ κατὰ τὴν Εὐρώπην), perhaps to his own time; and On the Red Sea (Περὶ τῆς Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης) in five books (some preserved by Diodorus, bk. 3, and Photius). These large-scale histories, interlaced with *anthropology and *geography, provided a model for *Posidonius (2). He attacked the Asianic prose style, and *Photius calls him a worthy disciple of *Thucydides (2) in expression. He may have voiced hostility toward the Ptolemies, from whom he may have fled.


Polemon (3), of Ilium, Greek Stoic geographer, fl. 190 BCE  

Eric Herbert Warmington

Polemon (3), a Greek of *Ilium (fl. c.190 bce), Stoic geographer (see stoicism) who collected geographical, epigraphic, and artistic material in Greece, including especially dedications and monuments at *Delphi, Sparta, Athens. In another work Polemon attacked *Eratosthenes (Ath. 6. 234d; 10. 436d; 442e, etc. ). See epigraphy, greek.