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date: 23 July 2024

Nicias(2)free

, Athenian painter, fl. c. 332 BCE

Nicias(2)free

, Athenian painter, fl. c. 332 BCE
  • Thomas Bertram Lonsdale Webster
  •  and Karim Arafat

Subjects

  • Greek Material Culture

Nicias (2), Athenian painter, pupil of Antidotus (pupil of Euphranor). Pliny(1) dates him 332 bce. He refused to sell a picture to Ptolemy(1) I (after 306). He painted women with the greatest precision. His works included Nemea—signed as encaustic (see painting (techniques))—Necyomanteai (after Homer, Od11), Alexander(3) the Great, Io and Andromeda, who are reflected in versions in Pompeii and Rome. He advocated large subjects such as cavalry and sea battles (contrast Pausias). He explored light and shade. Pausanias, who saw his grave on the road from Athens, said he was the best painter of living figures. Praxiteles (about 340) said his best sculptures were those Nicias painted. See painting, greek.

Bibliography

  • M. Robertson, History of Greek Art 1 (1975), 436–9.