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date: 05 December 2022



  • Herbert Jennings Rose
  •  and John North


Bellona (older form Duellona), Roman goddess of war. She had no flamen (see flamines) and no festival in the calendar, unlike the major ancient deities; she acquired her temple as late as the 290s bce (Livy 10. 19. 17); but the presence of her name in the ancient formula of *devotio (Livy 8. 9. 6) suggests that she was nevertheless an archaic Roman goddess, whether or not belonging to the circle of Mars. Her temple was built in the Campus Martius, outside the pomerium, and was a frequent meeting-place of the senate when dealing with generals returning from war. In front of it was the area used by the *fetiales in declarations of war. Bellona was successively identified with Nerio, the cult-partner of *Mars; with Enyo, the Greek war-goddess; and with Mā, the Mother Goddess of *Cappadocia.


  • Roman Myth and Religion

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