- Donald Russell
Rhetorician and philosopher who taught at Athens (see J. Bidez, Vie de Porphyre (1913), ch. 4) and, in the last few years of his life, became the principal adviser of the rulers of Palmyra, *Septimius Odaenathus and *Zenobia; he was executed when the city fell to *Aurelian (Gibbon, Decline and Fall, ch. 11, gives the classic English account). *Plotinus (Vita 14) spoke of Longinus as ‘a lover of learning, but in no wise a philosopher’; though he wrote on philosophical subjects (Περὶ ἀρχῶν, commentary on *Plato (1)'s Timaeus), he was much more celebrated for his critical and rhetorical work; *Eunapius (VS 4) calls him ‘a living library and walking museum’. For the attribution to him of Περὶ ὕψους, see 'longinus'.
- Ancient Roman History