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date: 05 March 2021


  • Christopher Pelling


Chamaeleon, of *Heraclea (3) Pontica (c.350–after 281 bce), Greek *Peripatetic writer; almost no biographical details exist. He wrote works on *satyric drama and comedy, and studies of a number of early poets, including *Homer, *Pindar, and *Aeschylus. These works, which were anecdotal and uncritical, are often cited by *Athenaeus (1): their hallmark was the deduction of biographical data from references in comedy and from the writers’ own works, a technique already visible in the Aristotelian ‘Constitution of Athens’ (: see athēnaiōn politeia. Chamaeleon's philosophical writings, ‘On Drunkenness’, ‘On Pleasure’ (alternatively attributed to *Theophrastus), ‘On the Gods’, and his ‘Speech of Encouragement’ (Προτρεπτικός), also seem to have stood firmly in the Aristotelian tradition.

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