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date: 02 July 2022

Cleisthenes(1)locked

, of Sicyon, tyrant

Cleisthenes(1)locked

, of Sicyon, tyrant
  • Percy Neville Ure,
  • P. J. Rhodes
  •  and Rosalind Thomas

Extract

The greatest tyrant of the family of Orthagoras, which ruled for the record period of a century (probably c.665–565 bce). His reign (c.600–570) was allegedly marked by a movement against the Argive *Dorian ascendancy (see argos(1)): the three traditional Dorian tribes (*phylai) were given derogatory names while the non-Dorian was called Archelaoi (‘ruling people’); Argive *rhapsodes were suppressed, an Argive hero was replaced by a Theban (see thebes(1)), and a new festival of *Dionysus was established. His daughter Agariste (mother of the Athenian *Cleisthenes (2)) married the *Alcmaeonid*Megacles after a year-long house party for her suitors. In the First *Sacred War Cleisthenes was prominent on the winning side while neighbouring *Corinth was on the losing: he destroyed *Crisa, and won the chariot-race in the first *Pythian Games.

Subjects

  • Greek History and Historiography

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