- Raymond Davis
ExtractConstantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Constantinus) (c. 272 ce/3–337), born at Naissus, was son of *Constantius I and Helena. When his father was appointed Caesar (293) Constantine remained as a tribune at the court of *Diocletian. He fought alongside *Galerius against Persia (298) and the Sarmatians (299), and was at Nicomedia in 303 and again in 305 when Diocletian abdicated. Constantius was now senior Augustus; his eastern partner Galerius reluctantly released Constantine for service with his father. Constantine, fearing interception by the western Caesar, Flavius Valerius *Severus, hastened to Britain to aid his father against the Picts.When Constantius died at York (*Eburacum, 306), his troops proclaimed Constantine Augustus; Galerius gave this rank to Severus, but grudgingly conceded Constantine the title Caesar. Based mainly at Trier (*Augusta Treverorum), Constantine ruled his father's territories of Spain, Gaul, and Britain. At Rome *Maxentius usurped power; Severus and then Galerius failed to dislodge him.
- Byzantine Studies