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date: 08 December 2022

Corinth, Greek and Hellenisticlocked

Corinth, Greek and Hellenisticlocked

  • John Salmon

Extract

The city lies near the isthmus which joins central Greece to the *Peloponnese. Copious springs make the site extremely attractive, and it commands both the Isthmus and a proverbially rich coastal plain. Acrocorinth, the citadel, is too high to be a normal acropolis; the city was by the springs at its northern foot. Neolithic and early Helladic settlement was extensive; afterwards the site, although not deserted, was not heavily occupied until the iron age: development is continuous from the late 10th cent. bce. Corinthians exploited their unrivalled position for western voyages early. Pottery reached *Delphi in the early 8th cent. or before, and soon after *Ithaca and even inland *Epirus. Further west, it is found in the earliest levels at *Pithecusae; and when other colonies were established they became the core of a market for Corinthian painted pottery (see pottery, greek) which covered the whole Greek world until the mid-6th cent., when it gave way to Attic except at home. Corinthian agriculture always remained important, but the economy was remarkably diverse already in the 7th cent.: trade was extensive, and *Herodotus (1) observed (2.

Subjects

  • Ancient Geography

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