Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021


  • H. Kathryn Lomas


Cumae (Gk. Cyme; mod. Cuma), *Euboean colony, founded c.740 bce, 16 km. (10 mi) north-west of Naples (Neapolis). This was the earliest colony on the Italian mainland, and dominated coastal *Campania from 700 to 474 bce, in turn founding *Neapolis, Dicaearchia, Zancle, Abella, and possibly *Nola. Under the rule of *Aristodemus (2) it came into conflict with the *Etruscans, but defeated them at *Aricia in 505 bce and again in 474, in alliance with *Syracuse. In 421, it fell to the *Oscans during their conquest of Campania (Diod. Sic. 11. 51; 12. 76). Although substantially Oscanized, Greek culture was never completely eradicated (Strabo 5. 4. 4). During the Archaic period, it enjoyed cordial relations with Rome, but these soured after the Oscan conquest. It became a civitas sine suffragio (see citizenship, roman) in 338, and remained loyal to Rome in the *Punic Wars.

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription