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date: 26 November 2022



  • John Kinloch Anderson


Dogs were used by the Greeks and Romans as watchdogs; to guard livestock (but not to herd sheep or cattle); for hunting; and as *pets. *Odysseus, who, attacked by the dogs of *Eumaeus, sits immobile until rescued by the animals' master, is pointed out as an example to the modern traveller in Greece; later in the Odyssey the king's own hound *Argus (1) provides one of the most moving moments in the poem, when he greets his disguised master and dies (Od. 14. 29–36, 17. 290–307). Among breeds mentioned by classical authors, the Laconian was particularly valued by *Xenophon (1) for hunting; he distinguishes (Cyn. 3. 1–4. 9) between a larger Castorian and smaller vulpine, supposedly the result of crossing hounds with foxes. These may have approximated to the modern greyhound and whippet; for boar-hunting Indian, Cretan, and Locrian hounds were also necessary (Cyn.


  • Roman Material Culture

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