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date: 26 September 2022

Domitius Calvinus, Gnaeuslocked

Domitius Calvinus, Gnaeuslocked

  • Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver
  •  and Robin Seager


Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus, served in Asia in 62 bce, supported M. *Calpurnius Bibulus when he (Calvinus) was tribune in 59, and was praetor in 56. To secure election as consul he made a scandalous deal with the consuls of 54 (Cic. Att. 4. 17. 2, etc. ); disturbances followed revelation of the plot, but he was finally elected in July 53 for the rest of that year. He may have been exiled in 51 (R. Syme, Sallust (1964), 217). In the Civil War he was Caesarian: he fought against Q. *Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio in Thessaly, commanded the centre at *Pharsalus, was defeated by *Pharnaces II at Nicopolis, and helped Caesar in Africa. In 42, while bringing reinforcements to the triumvirs, he was trapped on the Adriatic by Cn. *Domitius Ahenobarbus (4), and lost his whole force. Consul again in 40, he afterwards governed Spain, with notorious severity to his troops; in 36 he triumphed, and from his spoils decorated the *Regia.


  • Roman History and Historiography

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