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date: 29 October 2020


, of Cyzicus, Greek navigator, 2nd cent. bce
  • Eric Herbert Warmington
  •  and Antony Spawforth


After 146 bce he was sent by *Ptolemy (1) VIII Euergetes of Egypt with a stranded Indian guide to find the sea-route to India; sent again later, he was on his return blown some way down east Africa, consorted with indigenes, returned to *Alexandria (1) with some wreckage allegedly said to be part of a ship of *Gades (mod. Cadiz), decided that Africa could be circumnavigated, and determined to go round it to India, avoiding Ptolemaic dues. Having collected cargoes at various ports, he set out from Gades, with music-girls, doctors, and carpenters on board, but was driven aground south of Morocco. Returning, he saw perhaps Madeira, failed to persuade *Bocchus I of Mauretania to help him, cut across land to the Mediterranean, and, with much greater equipment, sailed again down west Africa, and disappeared.


  • Historical Geography

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