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date: 28 October 2020


  • William Moir Calder
  •  and Stephen Mitchell


Galatia is used, when applied to territory in the east, in two senses. (1) The name of a region in central *Asia Minor stretching east and west of modern Ankara (*Ancyra), comprising parts of what was formerly *Phrygia and *Cappadocia; this was occupied and settled by migrating Celtic tribes, who had crossed the Hellespont in 278 bce and reached the area in the following decade after much raiding and plundering in western Anatolia. These Galatians were defeated in two battles by *Attalus (1) I of Pergamum around 230 bce and by a Roman army under Cn. *Manlius Vulso in 189 bce. In the 1st cent. bce they became firm allies of Rome, acting as a bulwark against *Mithradates VI, and in the generation before the Augustan settlement Galatian tribal leaders controlled territory in Asia Minor from the Pamphylian coast to *Trapezus.


  • Historical Geography

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