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date: 07 December 2022


, b. 37/38 CE


, b. 37/38 CE
  • Edith Mary Smallwood
  •  and Tessa Rajak


Josephus (Flavius Iosephus (b. 37/8 ce), was a Greek historian but also a Jewish priest of aristocratic descent and largely Pharisaic education (see pharisees) and a political leader in pre-70 *Jerusalem. While a zealous defender of Jewish religion and culture, his writing attacks the various revolutionary groups, whom he regarded as responsible for the fall of the Temple: his own understanding was that God was now supporting the Romans. Participation in a delegation to Rome (c.64) had impressed on him the impracticality of resistance. When the Jerusalem leaders put him in charge of *Galilee, he played an ambiguous role. He was besieged at Jotapata, but when captured, evaded a suicide pact and, he claims, was freed when his prophecy of *Vespasian's accession came true. He remained close to *Titus until the fall of Jerusalem, making several attempts to persuade the besieged city to surrender. He was given Roman citizenship, and, after the war, an imperial house to live in in Rome, a pension, and land in Judaea.


  • Jewish Studies

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