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date: 09 July 2020

Summary and Keywords

Hebrew: יהודה = Yehuda; Greek: Ἰουδαία = Ioudaia; Latin: Iudaea. Judaea was subject to the Hellenistic kingdoms and then, for a period of time, was an independent kingdom. Subjugated by Rome, it was first a dependent kingdom, then annexed as a Roman province. After two serious rebellions, it was renamed Syria-Palaestina. The Roman garrison was increased in stages till there were two legions and a comparable number of auxiliaries. The most tangible long-term effect of their presence was the organization of a system of roads all over the province. Urbanization can be traced from the Hellenistic until the Byzantine period.

Keywords: colonia, ethnarch, Jerusalem, Jews, legatus, legion, legionary base, milestones, toparchy, Syria-Palaestina

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