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date: 08 December 2021

metre, Greeklocked

metre, Greeklocked

  • L. P. E. Parker

Extract

(The different types of metre are described in §. 4, and cross-references to individual metres within this section are indicated by the letters (a) (i).)Greek verse is quantitative: syllabic length is its patterning agent.A syllable is long either φύσει (‘by nature’), when its vowel-sound is long (long vowel or diphthong), or θέσει (traditionally rendered ‘by position’), when its vowel-sound is short, but followed by two or more consonants, whether or not they belong to the same word. In this case, the consonants are said to ‘make position’. ζξψ are double consonants. However, plosive (‘mute’) followed by nasal (μν) or liquid (λρ) does not always make position, depending on whether the plosive closes the syllable or not: πᾱτ-ρός, but πᾰ-τρός. The plosives are: πβφ (labials), τδθ (dentals), κγχ (velars). The voiced plosives, βδγ, are the strongest. Thus, βλ and γλ usually make position until the 5th cent. .

Subjects

  • Greek Literature

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