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date: 24 November 2020

Annaeus Seneca, Lucius(2)locked

, Seneca 'the Younger', Roman author and adviser of Nero, 49–65 ce
  • Leighton Durham Reynolds,
  • M. T. Griffin
  •  and Elaine Fantham


Annaeus Seneca (2), Lucius, was born at *Corduba (mod. Córdoba) in southern Spain between 4 bce and ce 1. He was born into a wealthy equestrian family of Italian stock, being the second son of the elder Seneca (no. 1 above) and Helvia; his brothers were L. *Annaeus Novatus, later known as Iunius Gallio after his adoption by the orator of that name, and L. *Annaeus Mela, the father of the poet Lucan (see annaeus lucanus, m.). He was happily married to a woman younger than himself, Pompeia Paulina; the evidence for an earlier marriage is tenuous. He had one son, who died in 41.He was brought to Rome by his mother's stepsister, the wife of C. Galerius, prefect of Egypt from 16 to 31. Little is known about his life before ce 41. In Rome by ce 5, he studied grammar and rhetoric and was attracted at an early age to philosophy. His philosophical training was varied. He attended lectures by Attalus the Stoic and by Sotion and Papirius Fabianus, both followers of *Sextius who had founded the only native Roman sect a generation before: Seneca was to describe it as a type of Stoicism.

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