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date: 01 December 2020

Oenoandalocked

  • Stephen Mitchell

Extract

A city in N. *Lycia, whose Hellenistic walls enclose ruins largely of the Roman period. The city was also known as Termessus Minor, having been colonised from the homonymous Pisidian city (see pisidia) probably around 200 bce. The treaty struck between Rome and Lycia in 46 bce (see lycia) implies that the Oenoandans had been at war with the Lycians before that date. It has produced four remarkable inscriptions, whose importance is out of all proportion to their unremarkable provenance: the enormous genealogical inscription carved on the funerary monument of Licinia Flavilla, which traces the family's descent back to the Spartan Cleander, allegedly founder of Oenoanda's northern neighbour Cibyra (IGRom 3. 500; see genealogy); the most complete epigraphic dossier from the Roman world concerning the creation of an agon, an artistic festival, by a local citizen C. Iulius Demosthenes in ce 125 (see agōnes); the literary works of the local Epicurean philosopher *Diogenes(5), which were engraved for public display in the centre of the Roman city; and a theological *oracle of the 3rd cent.

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