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date: 24 October 2020


Oxyrhynchus (Behnesa), a nome capital (see nomos(1)) beyond the Bahr Yusuf west of the Nile, was the richest source of papyri ever found in Egypt. Grenfell and Hunt excavated for papyri (1897–1906) and were succeeded by Pistelli and Breccia (1910–34). The finds came from rubbish mounds north-west and south-east of the town; they are now worked out. Most are Roman or Byzantine; the Ptolemaic levels lay beneath the water table. Over 70 per cent of surviving literary papyri come from Oxyrhynchus.

Sculptured funeral stelae of the 1st–3rd cents. ce from a cemetery west of the town came on the market in the 1970s.


Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1–71 (1898– ).Find this resource:

Pubblicazioni della Società Italiana, 1–15 (1912– ).Find this resource:

H. D. Scheider, Beelden van Behnasa (1982).Find this resource:

J. Krüger, Oxyrhynchos in der Kaiserzeit (1990).Find this resource:

A. K. Bowman and others, Oxyrhynchus: A City and its Texts (2007).Find this resource:

P. Parsons, City of the Sharp-nosed Fish (2007).Find this resource:

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