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date: 17 January 2021


, Macedonian king, 178–168 bce
  • Peter Sidney Derow


Perseus (2), king of *Macedonia (179–168 bce), elder son and legitimate successor of *Philip (3) V, was born about 213/2. He took part in his father's campaigns against the Romans and then, as ally of Rome, against the *Aetolians. Perseus stood against the pro-Roman policies and royal aspirations of his brother Demetrius (executed for treason by Philip in 180) and succeeded to the throne on Philip's death in 179. After renewing his father's treaty with Rome, he secured his popularity at home with a royal amnesty and set about extending his influence and connections in the Greek world at large. In the early 170s he married Laodice, daughter of *Seleucus (4) IV, gave his sister in marriage to *Prusias (II) of Bithynia, won the goodwill of *Rhodes, and restored Macedon's position in the Delphic *Amphictiony. The mid-170s saw his popular involvement in social conflicts in Aetolia and *Thessaly, his reduction of Dolopia, and a remarkable tour de force through central Greece.

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