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date: 25 July 2021

Philonides (2), Epicurean Philosopherlocked

Philonides (2), Epicurean Philosopherlocked

  • James Warren

Summary

Philonides of Laodicea-on-Sea, in Syria, was an Epicurean philosopher of the 2nd century bce. He was first a student of some geometers (a Eudemus and a Dionysodorus) and then became a student of the Epicurean Artemon. He also studied with Basilides, scholarch of the Athenian Garden from about 205 bce. One of the papyri preserved in the Villa dei Papiri in Herculaneum (PHerc. 1044) contains a biography. It is disputed whether Philonides was a practising geometer who attempted to reconcile his study of mathematics with his Epicurean commitment to the existence of partless but extended spatial minima. Most likely, he adopted an orthodox Epicurean position on these matters.

Subjects

  • Science, Technology, and Medicine

Updated in this version

Text updated to reflect contemporary scholarship. Primary sources, digital materials, and summary added.

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