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date: 26 September 2022


, grammarian and commentator, 4th cent. ce


, grammarian and commentator, 4th cent. ce
  • James Frederick Mountford,
  • Peta G. Fowler
  •  and Don P. Fowler


Servius (called Marius or Maurus Servius Honoratus in manuscripts from the 9th cent. onwards), author of a celebrated commentary on *Virgil, based on an earlier work (now lost) of Aelius *Donatus (1). Servius is one of the participants in *Macrobius' dialogue the Saturnalia (dramatic date 383–4: cf. P. V. Davies, Macrobius, The Saturnalia (1969), 9), where he is depicted as a young man. The Virgil commentary exists in two forms: the longer, known as Servius Auctus, Servius Danielis, Scholia Danielis, or Scholia Danielis, was first published in 1600 by Pierre Daniel, and is thought to be a 7th–8th cent. ce expansion of the shorter form on the basis of earlier material from Donatus' commentary not used by Servius himself. Both versions, but especially Scholia Danielis, contain important information about Latinity, Roman customs and institutions (especially in relation to religion), and intertextuality with works now lost to us, though neither are completely reliable in matters such as statements of usage in earlier writers. But Servius' own poetics merit investigation and appreciation (cf. J.


  • Latin Literature

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