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date: 18 January 2022


, Greek poet


, Greek poet
  • P. J. Parsons


Simonides, Greek poet from Iulis on *Ceos; son of Leoprepes, grandson or descendant of Hylichus (Callimachus fr. 64. 8; 222), uncle of *Bacchylides (Strabo 10. 5. 6). If he worked at the court of *Hipparchus (1) ([Pl.], Hipparch. 228c; Arist., Ath. pol. 18. 1), his career began before 514 bce; his praises of Eualcidas of Eretria (fr. 518) date before 498, his Battle of Plataea (fr. 10–17 W2; see plataea, battle of) in or after 479; he finished at the court of *Hieron (1), and his tomb was shown at *Acragas (Callim. fr. 64. 4). Tradition made him live to be 90; most sources set his birth c.556 (others c.532).No poem of Simonides survives intact, except the epigrams attributed to him; even the Suda's list of works (which should preserve the outlines of the Alexandrian edition) is garbled. But the fragments make it clear that Simonides commanded a wide variety of genres. In choral lyric, he composed *epinicians, of which he and perhaps *Ibycus are the first known practitioners; *dithyrambs, with which according to a (Hellenistic) epigram (xxvii Page) he won at least 57 competitions; thrēnoi (laments: see dirge); *paeans; encomia; Partheneia and the like (cf.


  • Greek Literature

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