- John P. A. Gould
ExtractSophocles' career in the theatre was a remarkably long one. He first competed against *Aeschylus in 468 bce (FGrH 239 Marm. Par. A 56; see marmor parium; Plut.Cim. 8. 7: also his first victory in the competition) more than a decade before Aeschylus' death; he lived to compete for the last time at the *Dionysia of 406 bce, dressing his chorus and actors in mourning, we are told, to mark the death of *Eur., news of which had just reached Athens (Life of Eur. 3. 11 ff., ed. E. Schwartz, Scholia in Euripidem, 1 (1887)). He died a few months later (Ar.Frogs 82; hyp. 2 (second *hypothesis (1)) to the Oedipus at Colonos); he was born in the 490s bce (probably 496 or 495: Marm. Par. A 56).He wrote more than 120 plays (Suidas) and won at least 20 victories, 18 at the City Dionysia (IG 22.
- Greek Literature